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Chaiyaphum province

Area:12,778.3 km²
Ranked 7th
Inhabitants:1,094,323 (2001)
Ranked 14th
Pop. density:86 inh./km²
Ranked 51st

Chaiyaphum (Thai ชัยภูมิ) is one of the north-eastern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. Neighboring provinces are (from north clockwise) Khon Kaen, Nakhon Ratchasima, Lopburi and Phetchabun.

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Geography The province is cut into two halves by the Petchabun mountain range, with the highest elevation in the province at 1222 m. The east of the province belongs to the Khorat Plateau.

The Taat Tohn national park is located north-west of the capital, featuring some scenic waterfalls and dry dipterocarp forests.


The history of the city of Chaiyaphum dates back to the Khmer Empire in the 12th century, when it was a small city on the route from Angkor to Prasat Singh (Kanchanaburi province). The Prang Ku still remains from this time. In 1817 the area was settled again by a group of Laotians, after it was deserted for many centuries. At first they settled in Baan Nam Khun Nong E Chan (Nakhon Ratchasima province), but soon moved to the current site of Chaiyaphum, then called Baan Luang. When the Lao King Anouvong declared war on Siam, the local ruler Jao Phraya Lae changed allegiance and supported the Siamese troops. In 1826 he was killed by Laotian troops, before these were defeated and all of Laos became part of Siam. Jao Phraya Lae was renamed by the Thais to Phraya Phakdi Chumpon, and is still the local hero.


The provincial seal shows a triangular flag, a symbol of victory in war. The provincial tree is Siamese senna (Cassia siamea[?]), and the provincial flower the Siamese Tulip (Curcuma alismatifolia[?]).

Administrative divisions

King Amphoe
(minor districts)
  1. Mueang Chaiyaphum
  2. Ban Khwao
  3. Khon Sawan
  4. Kaset Sombun
  5. Nong Bua Daeng
  6. Chatturat
  7. Bamnet Narong
  8. Nong Bua Rawe
  9. Thep Sathit
  1. Phu Khiao
  2. Ban Thaen
  3. Kaeng Khro
  4. Khon San
  5. Phakdi Chumpon
  6. Noen Sa-nga
  1. Sap Yai

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