Encyclopedia > Kanchanaburi province

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Kanchanaburi province

Statistics
Capital:Kanchanaburi
Area:19,483.2 km²
Ranked 3rd
Inhabitants:733,255 (2001)
Ranked 31st
Pop. density:38 inh./km²
Ranked 74th
ISO 3166-2:TH-71
Map

Kanchanaburi (Thai กาญจนบุรี) is the largest of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand. Neighboring provinces are (from north clockwise) Tak, Uthai Thani[?], Suphanburi[?], Nakhon Pathom[?] and Ratchaburi[?]. In the west it borders Myanmar.

Table of contents

Geography

The district is located in the west of Thailand. The district covers the source valleys of the rivers Kwae Yai and Kwae Noi, which merge at the city Kanchanaburi and form the Mae Klong River there.

Several National Parks are located in the forests of the mountain area of the district - the Erawan, Sai Yok, Khao Laem, Khaoen Sri Nakarin and Chaloem Rattanakosin National Parks are located in the province. The Thungyai-Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuaries[?] are also listed in the UNESCO world heritage list.

History

The district is most famous for the Bridge on the River Kwai, which was built next to the town of Kanchanaburi crossing the Kwae river. The Death Railway ran all the way from the Kwae river valley up to the Three Pagodas pass. Today only the lowest part of the railway to Nam Tok is still in use.

Symbols

The seal of the province shows the three pagodas, located on the Bantadthong Mountain. The gave the name to the mountain pass to Myanmar, called "Three Pagodas Pass[?]". The provincial flower is the Night-flowering Jasmine[?] (Nyctanthes arbortristis[?]), and the provincial tree is the Moulmein lancewood[?] (Homalium tomentosum[?]).

Administrative divisions

Amphoe
(districts)
King Amphoe
(minor districts)
  1. Muang Kanchanaburi
  2. Sai Yok
  3. Bo Phloi
  4. Si Sawat
  5. Tha Maka
  6. Tha Muang
  1. Thong Pha Phum
  2. Sankhla Buri
  3. Phanom Thuan
  4. Lao Khwan
  5. Dan Makham Tia
  1. Nong Prue
  2. Huai Krachao

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