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Khon Kaen province

Capital:Khon Kaen
Area:10,886.0 km²
Ranked 15th
Inhabitants:1,727,464 (2001)
Ranked 3rd
Pop. density:159 inh./km²
Ranked 20th

Khon Kaen (Thai ขอนแก่น) is the second-largest of the north-eastern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. Neighboring provinces are (from north clockwise) Nongbua Lamphu, Udon Thani, Kalasin, Maha Sarakham[?], Buriram, Nakhon Ratchasima, Chaiyaphum, Phetchabun and Loei.

Table of contents

Geography Khon Kaen is located in the heart of the Khorat Plateau. The Chi river flows through this province.

History The first city of the area was established in 1783 when Rajakruluang settled there with 330 people. King Rama I made Rajakruluang the first governor of the area when establishing tighter connections with the Isan area. The main city was moved six times until in 1879 it reached its modern location at Nuang Kaw. Khon Kaen became the administrative centre in the beginning of the 20th century.


The seal of the province shows the stupa (tower) of Phra That Kham, which is believed to contain relics of Buddha. Two trees are depicted on both sides, one is a banyan tree (Ficus benghalensis), the other a golden shower tree (Cassia fistula[?]). The Thai name of the golden shower means providing support and preventing a decline, and it is also the provincial flower. The provincial tree is the pink shower tree (Cassia bakeriana[?]), the Thai name of which translates as "wishing tree".

Administrative divisions

King Amphoe
(minor districts)
  1. Mueang Khon Kaen
  2. Ban Fang
  3. Phra Yuen
  4. Nong Rhuea
  5. Chum Phae
  6. Si Chomphu
  7. Nam Phong
  8. Ubolratana
  9. Kranuan
  10. Ban Phai
  1. Pueai Noi
  2. Phon
  3. Waeng Yai
  4. Waeng Noi
  5. Nong Song Hong
  6. Phu Wiang
  7. Mancha Khiri
  8. Chonnabot
  9. Khao Suan Kwang
  10. Phu Pha Man
  1. Sam Sung
  2. Khok Pho Chai
  3. Nong Na Kham
  4. Ban Haet
  5. Non Sila

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