Anarchism is a generic name given
to theories and movements that call for
the abolition of government and other forms of authority.
In contrast to common misconceptions, the anarchy sought by most anarchists
is emphatically not the absence of order, rules, and organized structure -- the proper name of which is chaos or anomie.
On the contrary, the anarchy sought by anarchists is the absence of hierarchy, power and authority, which the anarchists consider as
immoral, oppressive, detrimental, and sources of violence, disorder and misery.
Anarchists claim that human relations should be based only upon voluntary associations.
For historical details about the word "anarchism", and information on its proper usage, see the article etymology of the word anarchism. See also the word "libertarian".
On first approximation, we can distinguish three main trends in anarchist traditions:
These trends are not always mutually exclusive, and do not cover all the nuances of anarchist movements that may or may not be loosely attached to them.
For more details, see the article Diversity of anarchism.
Anarchism is vast subject that touches a lot of topics. Below are links to articles that discuss and argue various aspects of anarchism,
from the points of view of anarchists of various trends, as well as of non-anarchists.
- individualist anarchism, voluntaryism
- libertarian socialism, anarcho-syndicalism, anarcho-communism, Class War, syndicalism, anti-globalization movement
- nihilism, primitivism, green anarchism, eco-anarchism, social ecology, anarchafeminism, anarchist groups, anarchism in the arts, anarcho punk, pacifism, tolstoyans, situationists, TAZ
- anarcho-capitalism, libertarianism, classical liberalism, panarchism
- anarchy, anomie, State, statism
- ideology, politics, political models
- The Anarchist Theory FAQ (http://www.gmu.edu/departments/economics/bcaplan/anarfaq.htm) as posted (http://www.faqs.org/faqs/anarchy/theory/faq/) on Usenet, "with a strong emphasis upon the many Net controversies between left-anarchists and anarcho-capitalists."
- Also note the Anarchist FAQ (http://www.infoshop.org/faq/index), a FAQ written by (left) anarchists.
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