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Songkhla province

Statistics
Capital:Songkhla[?]
Area: 7,393.9 km²
Ranked 26th
Inhabitants:1,249,402 (2001)
Ranked 12th
Pop. density:169 inh./km²
Ranked 15th
ISO 3166-2:TH-90
Map

Songkhla (Thai สงขลา) is the one of the southern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. Neighboring provinces are (from east clockwise) Satun, Phattalung, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Pattani and Yala. To the south it borders Malaysia.

The name derives from the old name Sinhgala (city of lions). This refers to a lion-shaped mountain near the city of Songkhla.

Table of contents

Geography

The province is located on the Malay Peninsula, at the coast of the Gulf of Thailand. The highest elevation is the Khao Mai Kaeo at 821 meters.

In the north of the province is the Songkhla lake, the biggest natural lake in Thailand. This shallow lake covers an area of 1,040 km², and has a south-north extent of 78 kilometers. At its mouth on the Gulf of Thailand near the city of Songkhla the water becomes brackish. A small population of Irrawaddy Dolphins[?] live in the lake, but is in danger of extinction from bycatch by the local fishing industry.

Demographics 23.2% of the population are muslim, and 4.6% are from the Malayan minority.

Symbols

The provincial seal shows a conch shell[?] on a tray with glass decorations. The origin of the conch shell is unclear, but the most widely adopted interpretation is that it was a decoration on the jacket of the Prince of Songkhla. The provincial tree is the Sa-dao-thiam (Azadirachta excelsa[?]).

Administrative divisions

Amphoe
(districts)
  1. Mueang Songkhla
  2. Sathing Phra
  3. Chana
  4. Na Thawi
  5. Thepha
  6. Saba Yoi
  7. Ranot
  8. Krasae Sin
  1. Rattaphum
  2. Sadao
  3. Hat Yai
  4. Na Mom
  5. Khuan Niang
  6. Bang Klam
  7. Singhanakhon
  8. Khlong Hoi Khong

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Songkhla province

... Phra Chana Na Thawi Thepha Saba Yoi Ranot Krasae Sin Rattaphum Sadao Hat Yai Na Mom Khuan Niang Bang Klam Singhanakhon Khlong Hoi ...