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Musical film

A musical film belongs to a film genre that features songs, sung by the actors, interwoven into the narrative. The songs are usually used to advance the plot or develop the film's characters. A sub-genre of the musical is the musical comedy[?], which includes a strong element of humour as well as the usual music, dancing and storyline.

The musical is responsible for the transition from silent film to sound film in the development of the motion picture. The popularity of movies grew rapidly during the golden days of the silent film era, but the concept of "talking pictures" was considered a risky investment by the major Hollywood studios, until the Warner Bros. studio took the leap and produced The Jazz Singer, starring Al Jolson. Jolson's song "Mammy" in the picture forever changed the medium of film, and it jolted Hollywood into the era of sound.

As Hollywood adapted to sound films, musicals were an important part of Hollywood's movie output, ranking alongside action movies (Westerns), dramas, and comedies. Musical stars such as Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers were among the most popular and highly respected personalities in Hollywood, and many regular actors gladly participated in musicals as a way to break away from their typical typecast roles. For instance, James Cagney had originally risen to fame on the stage as a singer and dancer, and he was highly talented; but his repeated casting in "tough guy" roles and gangster movies gave him few chances to display these talents. Cagney's Oscar-winning role in Yankee Doodle Dandy allowed him to sing and dance, and he considered it to be one of his finest moments.

Many comedies (and a few dramas) included their own musical numbers. The Marx Bros.' movies included a musical number in nearly every film, allowing the Marx Bros. themselves to highlight their own musical talents.

The musical in film was a natural development from the stage musical. Typically the biggest difference between the movie musical and the musical theater is the use of lavish background scenery which would be impractical in a theater. Many musical films, e.g. Oklahoma! and The Sound of Music, are straightforward adaptations or restagings of successful stage productions. Others, e.g. Moulin Rouge, were specifically written for the screen, and some, such as Singing in the Rain, have made a reverse transition from their original screen version to a successful stage format at a much later date. The trend in modern film-making is not to make a "musical" as such, but to use a lot of background music by popular rock or pop bands in the hopes of selling the soundtrack album to fans. There are exceptions to this rule, and films about actors, dancers or singers have been made as successful modern-style musicals, with the music as an intrinsic part of the storyline. The other exception to the rule is children's animated movies. These almost always include traditional musical numbers, and some of them (eg Beauty and the Beast) have later become full live stage productions.

Famous musicals include:

1930s

Top Hat
The Wizard of Oz

1940s

Yankee Doodle Dandy

1950s

An American in Paris
Carousel
High Society
Kiss Me Kate
Oklahoma!
Peter Pan
Singin' in the Rain
South Pacific
The King and I

1960s

Camelot
Chitty Chitty Bang Bang
Gigi
Mary Poppins
The Sound of Music
West Side Story

1970s

Jesus Christ Superstar
Rocky Horror Picture Show
Saturday Night Fever

1980s

Fame
Flashdance
Purple Rain
Victor/Victoria

1990s

2000s

Hedwig and the Angry Inch[?]
Moulin Rouge
Chicago

not yet classified

Dancer in the Dark
Everyone Says I Love You
Guys and Dolls[?]
Hello, Dolly!
Holiday Inn
Les Parapluies de Cherbourg
My Fair Lady
On the Avenue[?]
One Hour With You[?]
Sister Act[?]

Animated musicals (mostly by Disney)

Anastasia
Aladdin
Beauty and the Beast
The Hunchback of Notre Dame
The Lion King
The Little Mermaid[?]



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