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Mengjiang

Mengjiang (蒙疆 in pinyin: meng2 jiang1; in Wade-Giles: Meng-chiang; in postal transliteration: Mengkiang, literal meaning: "Mongolian Territories"), also known in English as Mongol Border Land, was a puppet state in northern China (consisted of Chahar and Suiyuan provinces) controlled by Japan.

History

Formed in June 28, 1936 and initially named Mengjiang Joint Committee (蒙疆聯合委員會), it was renamed in September 1939 to Mengjiang United Autonomous Government (蒙疆聯合自治政府). On August 4, 1941, it became Mongolian Autonomous Federation (蒙古自治邦). The state disappeared in 1945 after Japan lost the second Sino-Japanese War and became part of Inner Mongolia of the People's Republic of China.

Miscellanea

"Mengjiang" can found in the acceptance of chairmanship speech by King Del:

To recover the territories originally owned by the Mongolians
(收復古固有土)

The Japanese established the Bank of Mengjiang that printed its own currency without years on it. Some traditional local money shops also made currency with Chinese year[?] numbering system, such as Jiachen Year (甲辰年), on it.

External links and references

See also: Manchukuo, another Japanese puppet-state



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