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Malayalam alphabet

Malayalam is a Dravidian language. Both the language and its writing system are closely related to Tamil, although Malayalam has a signficantly larger phoneme inventory.

The alphabet is classified into two categories: swarams (or vowels) and vyanjanams (or consonants).

If you don't have a proper Unicode font installed, the Malayalam characters in the following tables may not appear correctly.

Malayalam Vowels and Related Symbols
VowelTransliterationPronunciation/NoteVowel Sign
a'a' as in about
aa'a' as in art
i'i' as in pit ി
ii'ee' as in wheel
u'u' as in put
uu'oo' as in soot
RRi
RRIObsolete/
Rarely used
LLi
LLI
e'e' as in net
E'a' as in rate
ai
o
O
au
amanusvaaram
aHvisargam

Malayalam Consonants
k
kh
g
gh
ng
ch
chh
j
jh
nj
T
Th
D
Dh
N
t
th
d
dh
n
p
ph
b
bh
m
y
r
l
v
sh
ssh
s
h
L
zh
R

There is no distinction of case, i.e. no uppercase and lowercase letters. Diacritics, or vowel signs, are used to associate a vowel to a consonant. When no diacritic is used, the vowel sound 'a' is assumed. To specifically denote the absence of a vowel, a chandrakkala ് (also called virama) is used.

In addition to these symbols, there are many more symbols to indicate combination of the various consonants with each other.

Malayalam digits are written as follows:

Malayalam Digits
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

Unicode range: 0x0D00 - 0x0D7F



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