Encyclopedia > List of Monarchs of England

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List of monarchs of England

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England was first unified as a state by Alfred the Great of Wessex. It ceased to exist as a separate kingdom following unions with Scotland (1707) and Ireland (1801). Today, England exists as one of the regions of the United Kingdom, alongside Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, "Her (or His) Majesty's Peculiars", and a number of colonial holdings. Thus from 1707, the terms "King of England" and "Queen of England" are incorrect. Hence, this list runs up to 1707; for monarchs after that date, see List of British monarchs

Table of contents

The Danelaw

For a period of time, both Danish and Saxon kings claimed the throne of England.

The Saxon restoration

The Norman kings

After the Norman Conquest in 1066, numbering of kings began anew; this affected only the Edwards.

The Angevins or Plantagenets

The House of Lancaster

The House of York

The House of Tudor

The House of Stuart


There was no crowned king between Charles I's execution in 1649 and the restoration in 1660.

The Stuart restoration

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