Encyclopedia > Sweyn I of Denmark

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Sweyn I of Denmark

Sweyn Forkbeard
Rank: 16th
Ruled England: December 25, 1013-February 2, 1014
Ruled Denmark: 985-February 2, 1014
Predecessor: Ethelred II,
Harald Bluetooth, and Harald II
Date of Birth: 960
Place of Birth: Denmark
Wives: Gunhilda[?] and Sigrid the Haughty[?]
Buried: Roeskild Cathedral[?]
Date of Death: February 2, 1014
Parents: Harald Bluetooth and Gunhild[?]

Sweyn I "Forkbeard" (sometimes Svein Haraldsson; in Danish, Svend Tveskæg) (circa 965 - February 3, 1014) succeeded his father Harold I as king of Denmark in 986. After recovering his throne (991) following a brief Swedish invasion, Sweyn established Danish control over a part of Norway (1000).

After participating in a Norwegian-led raid against England in 994-995, Sweyn embarked on a series of full-scale invasions (1003-1005, 1006-1007, 1009-1012 and 1013) following the St. Brice's Day[?] massacre of England's Danish inhabitants (November 1002). By December 1013 he was England's effective ruler following the flight to Normandy of king Ethelred the Unready.

Svein died on at Gainsborough[?] in Lincolnshire, having ruled England unopposed for only five weeks, and his body was returned to Denmark. He was succeeded as King of Denmark by his elder son, Harold II[?], and as King of England by his younger son Canute the Great. His son, Canute the Great, ruled in Denmark and England and some part of northern Germany.

Preceded by:
Ethelred II
List of British monarchs Succeeded by:
Ethelred II
Preceded by:
Harald Bluetooth
List of Danish monarchs Succeeded by:
Harald II[?]
Preceded by:
Harald II
List of Norwegian monarchs Succeeded by:
Olav Tryggvasson in 995,
then by Saint Olaf in 1015



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