Land-grant universities (land-grant colleges)
institutions which have been designated by a state legislature
to receive the benefits of the Morrill Acts of 1862 and 1890
-- funding by the grant of federally-controlled land
to the states
. The mission of these institutions, as set forth in the 1862 Act
, is to teach agriculture
, military tactics
, and the mechanic arts[?]
as well as classical studies[?]
so that members of the working classes can obtain a liberal
and practical education
History of the Land-Grant Universities
The universities were initially known as land-grant colleges and a handful have retained this naming.
The University of the District of Columbia[?] received land-grant status and a US$ 7.24 million endowment, in lieeu of a land grant, in 1967. In a 1972 Special Education Amendment, American Samoa, Guam, Micronesia, Northern Marianas, and the Virgin Islands each received US$ 3 million for land-grant purposes.
In 1994, the American Indian Higher Education Consortium also received land-grant status and 29 additional land-grant colleges were created under the Elementary and Secondary Educaton Reauthorization Act[?]. Most of these are 2-year technical schools, but three are 4-year institutions, and 1 offers a master's degree.
See also: National Association of State Universities and Land-Grant Colleges
Land-grant universities are governed in the United States and its territories by the following legislation:
Land Grant Institutions include:
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