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Kingston upon Hull

Kingston upon Hull, commonly known as Hull, is a British city situated on the north bank of the Humber estuary. It is surrounded by the East Riding of Yorkshire, but is a unitary authority.

It takes its status and name as the 'Kings Towne on the the River Hull' from Royal Charter granted April 1, 1299 by King Edward I of England who needed a northern port to supply his campaigns in Scotland .

In times preceding this the port and settlement on the site of Hull was known as Wyke.

The city's association with royalty was broken in 1642 when Hull governor Sir John Hotham[?] declared for the Parliamentarian cause and later refused Charles I entry into the City and access to its large arsenal. He was declared a traitor and despite a parliamentarian pardon was later executed. This series of events was to precipitate the English Civil War since Charles I felt obliged to respond to the insult by besieging the City; an event that played a critical role in triggering open conflict between the Parliamentarian and Royalist causes.

Unusually for an English City, Hull has no cathedral. It does, however, have the Holy Trinity church, the largest parish church in England.

Hull developed as trade port with mainland Europe, whaling, deep sea fishing until the Icelandic Cod War[?] 1975-1976. It remains a major port dealing mostly with bulk commodities and commercial road traffic to Rotterdam and Zeebrugge on mainland Europe. The city remains a UK center of food processing.

Hull has an extensive museum and visitor quarter which includes Wilberforce House, Hull and East Riding Museum, The Ferens Gallery, The Maritime Museum, Streetlife and Transport Museum, The Spur Lightship, The Arctic Corsair and The Deep.

William Wilberforce, leading slavery abolitionist, was born in Hull 1759, baptised at Holy Trinity church and represented the City as its Member of Parliament until his death in 1833.

Joseph Malet Lambert[?], British education reformer who proposed universal education as an economic stimulus was born in Hull in 1853.

Thomas R. Ferens[?] philanthropist, industrialist and Member of Parliament for East Hull from 1906-1918, proved to be one of the city's greatest benefactors, endowing among others University College[?], the Ferens Art Gallery, and East Park in 1927.

Amy Johnson, the pioneering woman flyer who was first person to fly solo from England to Australia, was born in Hull 1903.

The city has a football team playing at national league level, Hull City F.C.[?]

The city has two national league Rugby League teams, Hull RLFC team playing at the Kingston Communications Stadium and Hull Kingston Rovers playing at 'New' Craven Park.

Hull's administrative status has changed several times. From the 1970s to the 1990s it was part of Humberside[?], and upon the abolition of that county, it was made a unitary authority.

Hull is the only town in the UK with its own independent telephone network company, Kingston Communications (http://www.kcom.com/), with distinctive cream telephone boxes. Formed 1910s as a municipal by the City Council it remains the only locally-operated telephone company in the UK. Kingston upon Hull has one of the most advanced computer networks in the world - a metropolitan area network.

Hull is also home to Paul Heaton[?], of The Housemartins[?] and latterly The Beautiful South[?], proving that there's a lot of musical talent in the area too. Both bands have been amongst the most popular in the UK.

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