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|Province Abbreviation: 赣 (Gàn)|
- % water
|Ranked 17th |
- Total (2000)
In 202, under the reign of Emperor Gaodi[?] of Han Dynasty (漢高帝), Yuzhang Commandry (豫章郡 yu4 zhang1 jun4) was created. It was named after Yuzhang River (豫章江), the original name of Gan River[?] (贛江). "Gan" has became the abbreviation of the province. It governed eighteen districts (縣):
Under the reign of Emperor Wudi of Han Dynasty (漢武帝), Yuzhang Commandry assigned to Yang Zhoubu (楊州部 yang2 zhou1 bu4).
In the first year of the Yuan'gang period (元康元年) of Western Jin Dynasty (291), it became Jiang Prefecture (江州), named after Xiang River.
Six prefectures and four army districts (軍 jun) replaced the previous prefectures (with 55 districts (縣)) during the period of Five Dynasties, when Jiangxi first belonged to Wu (吳) Kingdom, then Southern Tang (唐) Kingdom.
In the Song Dynasty, Jiangnan West Circuit became two subcircuits (路 lu) -- Jiangnan West Lu (larger) and East Lu -- with nine prefectures and four army districts (with 68 districts).
In the Yuan Dynasty, the two subcircuits are separated into thirteen subcircuits and combined into Jiangxi Xing-Province (行省), which also included the majority of the modern Guangdong. And it formally became a province in the Qing Dynasty.
Chinese Soviet Republic's government located in Ruijin (瑞金), which is sometimes called the "Red-coloured Old Capital" (“红色故都”), or just the "Red Capital".
Near the northern port city of Jiujiang[?] (九江) is the resort area Lushan[?] (卢山). This resort area has stunning scenery and also some historical interest. Sadly it is all too aware of its tourism suitability and, as a result, is a very expensive place to visit.
Near the small city of Yingtan (鹰潭) is the resort area Longhushan[?] (龙虎山) which purports to be the birthplace of Taoism (道教) and hence has great symbolic value to Taoists. The region has many interesting temples, cave complexes, mountains and villages. It is considered by many to be the best-kept secret of Jiangxi tourism.