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Chinese Soviet Republic

The Chinese Soviet Republic (中华苏维埃共和国 Pinyin: Zhōnghu Sūwi'āi Gnghēgu), also translated the Soviet Republic of China or the China Soviet Republic, was established from 1931 to 1934 with Mao Zedong being the chairman.

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In November 1931, a National Soviet People's Delegates Conference took place in Ruijin[?] (瑞金), Jiangxi province, establishing the provisional Soviet Republic.

The Soviet Republic ended on October 15, 1934, when Kuomintang, led by Chiang Kai-shek, blockaded Ruijin. Chinese Communists left Jiangxi to evade the pursue and started the Long March northwest to Shaanxi.


In April 1932, a Central Postal Office (邮政总局) was created, and printed several designs of stamps for those provinces under the rule of the Soviet Republic. Some of the stamps have no puncturing holes and are printed on white newspaper-quality paper. The numerals printed on the stamp are of the complex style to prevent forgery.


This was before the Simplification of Chinese characters, so official documents of the Soviet Republic were written and the coins inscribed in Traditional Chinese[?].

External links

  • 2 photos (http://www.hhg-magazine.org/issue03/2_3_1.jpg) of a handwritten official declaration document and the Conference
  • flags (http://www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/cn-csr) from FOTW website
  • coins (http://www.lotn.org/~calkinsc/coins/000175)
  • 12 stamps (http://www.btxx.cn.net/stamps/tu/s09.htm) (explanatory caption in Simplified Chinese)

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