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Cantons of Switzerland

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Cantons of Switzerland

The table below lists the 26 cantons that constitute present day Switzerland. They are listed in the same order as in the Swiss Constitution[?].

Abbr Canton Since Capital Population1 Area2 Density3 Municip.1 Official languages
ZHZurich1351Zurich12120001729701171German
BEBerne[?]1353Berne9420005959158399German, French
LULucerne[?]1332Lucerne3470001493233107German
URUri1291Altdorf[?]3500010773320German
SZSchwyz[?]1291Schwyz13000090814330German
OWObwalden[?] (Obwald)1291Sarnen[?]32000491667German
NWNidwalden[?] (Nidwald)1291Stans[?]3800027613811German
GLGlarus[?]1352Glarus[?]350006855128German
ZGZug1352Zug9900023941611German
FRFribourg[?]1481Fribourg2360001671141242French, German
SOSolothurn[?]1481Solothurn244000791308126German
BSBasel-City (Basle Town)1501Basel1880003750723German
BLBasel-Country (Basle Country)1501Liestal26000051850286German
SHSchaffhausen[?]1501Schaffhausen7300029824634German
ARAppenzell Outer Rhodes[?]1513Herisau[?]45400024322020German
AIAppenzell Inner Rhodes[?]1513Appenzell[?]15000173876German
SGSt. Gallen[?] (St. Gall)1803St. Gallen[?]449000202622290German
GRGraubünden (Grisons)1803Chur187000710526211German, Romansh, Italian
AGAargau (Argovia)1803Aarau5440001404388232German
TGThurgau[?] (Thurgovia)1803Frauenfeld[?]22700099122980German
TITicino1803Bellinzona[?]3090002812110244Italian
VDVaud[?]1803Lausanne6040003212188382French
VSValais1815Sion[?]276000522453160French, German
NENeuchâtel[?]1815Neuchâtel[?]16600080320662French
GEGeneva[?]1815Geneva407000282144244French
JUJura1979Delémont[?]690008388283French
CH Switzerland   Berne 7178000 41285 174 2889 German, French, Italian, Romansh

Notes: 1 in 2000-2001, 2 km², 3 per km², 4 seat of government and parliament, the seat of the judicial authorities is Trogen[?].

The two letter abbreviations for Swiss cantons are widely used, e.g. on car license plates and in the ISO 3166-2 codes (with the prefix "CH-", i.e. CH-SZ for the canton of Schwyz).

Names in other languages

Abbr English French Italian German Romansh Spanish Esperanto1
AGAargauArgovieArgoviaAargauArgoviaArgovia 
AIAppenzell Inner Rhodes[?]Appenzell Rhodes-IntérieuresAppenzello InternoAppenzell InnerhodenAppenzell dadensAppenzell Rodas Interiores 
ARAppenzell Outer Rhodes[?]Appenzell Rhodes-ExtérieuresAppenzello EsternoAppenzell AusserrhodenAppenzell dadorAppenzell Rodas Exteriores 
BSBasel-CityBâle-VilleBasilea CittàBasel-StadtBasilea-CitadBasilea-CiudadBazelo-Urbo
BLBasel-CountryBâle-CampagneBasilea CampagnaBasel-LandschaftBasilea-ChampagnaBasilea-CampañaBazelo-Kamparo
BEBerne[?]BerneBernaBernBernaBernaBerno
FRFribourg[?]FribourgFriburgoFriburgFriburgFriburgoFriburgo
GEGeneva[?]GenèveGinevraGenfGenevraGinebraĜenevo
GLGlarus[?]GlarisGlaronaGlarusGlarunaGlaris 
GRGraubündenGrisonsGrigioniGraubündenGrischunGrisonesGrizono
JUJuraJuraGiuraJuraGiuraJura 
LULucerne[?]LucerneLucernaLuzernLucernaLucernaLucerno
NENeuchâtel[?]NeuchâtelNeuchâtelNeuenburgNeuchâtelNeuchatelNeuchâtel
NWNidwalden[?]NidwaldNidvaldoNidwaldenSutsilvaniaUnterwalden bajo 
OWObwalden[?]ObwaldObvaldoObwaldenSursilvaniaUnterwalden alto 
SHSchaffhausen[?]SchaffhouseSciaffusaSchaffhausenSchaffusaSchaffhausenŜafhaŭzo
SZSchwyz[?]SchwyzSvittoSchwyzSvizSchwyz 
SOSolothurn[?]SoleureSolettaSolothurnSoloturnSoleura 
SGSt. Gallen[?]Saint-GallSan GalloSt. GallenSon GaglSankt Gallen 
TGThurgau[?]ThurgovieTurgoviaThurgauTurgoviaTurgovia 
TITicinoTessinTicinoTessinTessinTesinoTiĉino
URUriUriUriUriUriUri 
VSValaisValaisValleseWallisVallaisValaisValezo
VDVaud[?]VaudVaudWaadtVadVaudVaud
ZGZugZougZugoZugZugZug 
ZHZurichZurichZurigoZürichTuritgZurichZuriko
Notes: 1where a version differing from German is available



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