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History of Persia

History of Persia

In 1935 Persia became Iran, see also History of Iran

Table of contents

Dynasties See the Dutch version for a more detailed list.

Median Dynasty

Achaemenid dynasty

Macedonian Dynasty

Seleucid dynasty

(The Seleucid Dynasty gradually lost control of Persia. In 253 BC, the Arsacid Dynasty established itself in Parthia. The Parthians gradually expanded their control, until by the mid 2nd Century BC, the Seleucids had completely lost control of Persia. There were more Seleucid rulers of Syria and, for a time, Babylonia, after Antiochus IV, but none had any effective power in Persia).

Parthian dynasty

  • Arsaces I 246-211 BC
  • Artabanus I 211-191 BC
  • Priapatius 191-176 BC
  • Phraates I 176-171 BC
  • Mithridates I 171-138 BC
  • Phraates II 138-128 BC
  • Artabanus II 128-124 BC
  • Mithridates II 124-87 BC
  • Gotarzes I 91-78 BC
  • Orodes I d.78 BC
  • Sanatruces 77-70 BC
  • Phraates III 70-58 BC
  • Mithridates III 58-57 BC
  • Orodes II 57-37 BC
  • Phraates IV 37-30 BC
  • Tiridates II 30-29 BC
  • Phraates IV (restored) 29-28 BC
  • Tiridates II (restored) 28-26 BC
  • Phraates IV (restored) 26-2 BC
  • Phraataces 2 BC - 4 AD
  • Orodes III 4-7
  • Vonones I 7-11
  • Artabanus III 11-38
  • Gotarzes II 38-51
  • Vardanes 39-47
  • Vonones II 51
  • Vologases I 51-78
  • Pacorus II 78-79
  • Artabanus IV 79-81
  • Pacorus II (restored) 81-115
  • Vologases II 106
  • Chosroes 109
  • Parthamaspates 116
  • Chosroes (restored) 117-128
  • Mithridates IV 128-147
  • Vologases III 148-192
  • Vologases IV 191
  • vacant 192-207 (?)
  • Vologases V 207-213
  • Artabanus V 213-226
  • Artavasdes 226-227

Sassanid dynasty, 224-651

part of Umayyad Caliphate, 661-750 part of Abbasid Caliphate, 750-867 divided, 867-1029

Seljuk Dynasty, 1029-1194

divided, 1194-1256

Ilkhans[?], 1256-1343

divided, 1343-1380

Timurid[?] Dynasty, 1380-1449

divided, 1449-1502

Safavid Dynasty, 1502-1736

Afsharid[?] Dynasty, 1736-1749

Zand[?] Dynasty, 1750-1794

Qajar[?] Dynasty, 1779-1925

Pahlavi Dynasty[?], 1925-1979

Islamic Republic, 1979 -

See also History of Levant



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History of Persia

... Sassanians. part of Umayyad Caliphate, 661-750 part of Abbasid Caliphate, 750-867 divided, 867-1029 Seljuk Dynasty, 1029-1194 divided ...