Encyclopedia > Geography of Vietnam

  Article Content

Geography of Vietnam

For historical geography of Vietnam, see History of Vietnam.

Location: Southeastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand, Gulf of Tonkin, and South China Sea, alongside China, Laos, and Cambodia

Geographic coordinates: 16 00 N, 106 00 E

Area:

total: 329,560 sq km
land: 325,360 sq km
water: 4,200 sq km

Area - comparative: slightly larger than the state of New Mexico in the United States.

Land boundaries:

total: 4,639 km
border countries: Cambodia 1,228 km, China 1,281 km, Laos 2,130 km

Coastline: 3,444 km (excludes islands)

Maritime claims:

contiguous zone: 24 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
territorial sea: 12 nm

Climate: tropical in south; monsoonal in north with hot, rainy season (mid-May to mid-September) and warm, dry season (mid-October to mid-March)

Terrain: low, flat delta in south and north; central highlands; hilly, mountainous in far north and northwest

Elevation extremes:

lowest point: South China Sea 0 m
highest point: Ngoc Linh[?] 3,143 m

Natural resources: phosphates[?], coal, manganese, bauxite, chromate[?], offshore oil and gas deposits, forests, hydropower

Land use:

arable land: 17%
permanent crops: 4%
permanent pastures: 1%
forests and woodland: 30%
other: 48% (1993 est.)

Irrigated land: 18,600 sq km (1993 est.)

Natural hazards: occasional typhoons (May to January) with extensive flooding[?]

Environment - current issues:

Logging and slash-and-burn agricultural[?] practices contribute to deforestation and soil degradation; water pollution[?] and overfishing[?] threaten marine life[?] populations; groundwater contamination[?] limits potable water[?] supply; growing urban industrialization[?] and population migration[?] are rapidly degrading environment in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City

Environment - international agreements:

party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution[?], Wetlands

signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Nuclear Test Ban

See also : Vietnam, Halong Bay



All Wikipedia text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

 
  Search Encyclopedia

Search over one million articles, find something about almost anything!
 
 
  
  Featured Article
Kuru Kuru Kururin

... in the United States. However, because the GBA has no region lockout, European games will work fine on a U.S. GBA unit, and apparently, even a player who knows no Japanese ...

 
 
 
This page was created in 34.8 ms