|State nickname: Land of Enchantment|
- % water
- Total (2000)
|Admittance into Union|
January 6, 1912
|Time zone||Mountain: UTC-7/-6|
|31°20'N to 37°N|
103°W to 109°W
USS New Mexico was named in honor of this state.
History New Mexico is centered on the Rio Grande valley, the historical center of Spanish settlement and conquest of the Pueblo, Native American tribes who lived in small towns along the Rio Grande and nearby as at Acoma[?]. In 1540, the Spanish conquistador Coronado trekked through the area known today as New Mexico in search of the fabled seven cities of gold.
It has a southern border with Mexico, an eastern border with Texas (103°) and Oklahoma, and a western border with Arizona (109°). The 37th parallel forms the northern boundary with Colorado. The spot where New Mexico, Colorado, Arizona, and Utah come together is called the Four Corners. The landscape ranges from rose-colored deserts to snow-capped mountains.
Economy New Mexico's 1999 total gross state product was $51 billion, placing it 38th in the nation. Its 2000 Per Capita Personal Income was $22,203, 48th in the nation. The state's agricultral outputs are cattle, dairy products, hay, nursery stock, and chilies. Its industrial outputs are electric equipment, petroleum and coal products, food processing, printing and publishing, stone, glass, and clay products, and tourism.
As of the 2000 census, the population of New Mexico is 1,819,046. Its population grew 20.1% (303,977) from its 1990 levels. According to the 2000 census, 66.8% (1,214,253) identified themselves as White, 42.1% (765,386) as Hispanic or Latino, 9.5% (173,483) as American Indian or Alaska Native, 1.9% (34,343) as black, 1.1% (19,255) as Asian, 0.1% (1,503) as Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander 17% (309,882) as other, and 3.6% (66,327) identified themselves as belonging to two or more races.
7.2% of its population were reported as under 5, 28% under 18, and 11.7% were 65 or older. Females made up approximately 50.8% of the population.