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Anaxarchus (flourished around 340 BC), a Greek philosopher of the school of Democritus, was born at Abdera in Thrace.

He was the companion and friend of Alexander the Great in his Asiatic campaigns. Anaxarchus checked the vainglory of Alexander, when he aspired to the honours of divinity, by pointing to his wounded finger, saying, "See the blood of a mortal, not of a god."

The story that at Bactra in 327 BC in a public speech he advised all to worship Alexander as a god even during his lifetime, is with greater probability attributed to the Sicilian Cleon.

It is said that Nicocreon[?], tyrant of Cyprus, commanded him to be pounded to death in a mortar, and that he endured this torture with fortitude; but the story is doubtful, having no earlier authority than Cicero in the first century BC.

His philosophical doctrines are not known, though some have inferred from the epithet eudaimonikos ("fortunate"), usually applied to him, that he held the end of life to be eudaimonia.

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