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This article is about the Roman orator. For other uses see Cicero (disambiguation)

Marcus Tullius Cicero (January 3, 106 BC - December 7, 43 BC) was an orator and statesman of Rome, generally considered the greatest Latin prose stylist.

Marcus Tullius Cicero at about age 60, from an ancient marble bust

Cicero was born Arpinum, Italy and died in Rome.

He was a leader in the last half-century of the Roman Republic. While his oratory and prose were renouned, his poetry did not enjoy a similar positive reputation.

Cicero was consul in 63 B.C. -- the first man elected consul who had no consular ancestors in more than 30 years. He is particularly noted for his speeches against Catiline, the total of which was four -- two to the senate, and two to the people. He was later exiled, and during this time, wrote down his speeches, before returning to Rome. He was eventually executed, and his hands and head were hung in the rostra in the Roman forum.

Table of contents

Major Works:


  • Pro Quinctio
  • Pro Roscio Amerino
  • Pro Roscio Comodeo
  • de Lege Agraria Contra Rullum
  • In Verrem
  • de Imperio Cn. Pompei
  • Pro Cæcina
  • Pro Cluentio
  • Pro Rabirio Perduellionis Reo
  • In Catilinam I-IV
  • Pro Murena
  • Pro Sulla
  • Pro Flacco
  • Pro Archia
  • Post Reditum in Senatu
  • Post Reditum in Quirites
  • de Domo Sua
  • de Haruspicum Responsis
  • Pro Cn. Plancio
  • Pro Sestio
  • In Vatinium
  • Pro Cælio
  • de Provinciis Consularibus
  • Pro Balbo
  • Pro Milone
  • In Pisonem
  • Pro Scauro
  • Pro Fonteio
  • Pro Rabirio Postumo
  • Pro Marcello
  • Pro Ligario
  • Pro Deiotaro
  • Philippics

Philosophical works:

  • de Inventione
  • de Optimo Genere Oratorum
  • Topica
  • de Oratore
  • de Fato
  • Paradoxa Stoicorum
  • De Partitione Oratoria
  • Brutus
  • Orator
  • De Re Publica
  • de Consulatu Suo
  • de Legibus
  • de Finibus
  • Tusculanæ Disputationes
  • de Natura Deorum
  • Academica
  • Cato Maior de Senectute
  • Laelius de Amicitia
  • de Divinatione
  • de Officiis
  • Commentariolum Petitionis


  • ad Atticum
  • ad Familiares
  • ad Quintum
  • ad Brutum

speeches - 58 survive, 88 are recorded
rhetoric - theoretical and historical works survive
letters - hundreds of surviving letters were published after his death
philosophy - political philosophy, ethics, and theology

See also: Catiline Orations

External links:

Works of Cicero at the Latin Library (http://www.thelatinlibrary.com): http://www.thelatinlibrary.com/cic

All Wikipedia text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

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