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United States Secretary of War

The Secretary of War was a member of the President's Cabinet since Washington's administration. At first, he was responsible for all military affairs. In 1798, the Secretary of the Navy was added to the cabinet, and the scope of this office was reduced to a general concern with the Army. In 1947, the departments were recombined under the Secretary of Defense. The Secretary of War was replaced by the Secretary of the Army[?], a non-Cabinet position under the Secretary of Defense.

The Secretaries of War

Name Year appointed President(s) served under
Henry Knox 1789 George Washington
Timothy Pickering[?] 1795 Washington
James McHenry[?] 1796 Washington, John Adams
Samuel Dexter 1800 John Adams
Henry Dearborn 1801-1809 Thomas Jefferson
William Eustis[?] 1809-1813 James Madison
John Armstrong, Jr.[?] 1813-1814 Madison
James Monroe 1814-1815 Madison
William Harris Crawford[?] 1815-1816 Madison
John C. Calhoun 1817-1825 James Monroe
James Barbour[?] 1825-1828 John Quincy Adams
Peter Buell Porter[?] 1828-1829 John Quincy Adams
John Henry Eaton[?] 1829-1831 Andrew Jackson
Lewis Cass 1831-1836 Jackson
Joel Roberts Poinsett[?] 1837-1841 Martin Van Buren
John Bell[?] 1841 William Henry Harrison,
John Tyler
John C. Spencer[?] 1841-1843 Tyler
James Madison Porter[?] 1843-1844 Tyler
William Wilkins[?] 1844-1845 Tyler
William L. Marcy[?] 1845-1849 James Polk
George Walker Crawford[?] 1849-1850 Zachary Taylor
Charles Magill Conrad[?] 1850-1853 Millard Fillmore
Jefferson Davis 1853-1857 Franklin Pierce
John Buchanan Floyd[?] 1857-1860 James Buchanan
Joseph Holt[?] 1861 Buchanan
Simon Cameron[?] 1861-1862 Abraham Lincoln
Edwin M. Stanton[?] 1862-1868 Lincoln, Andrew Johnson
John M. Schofield[?] 1868-1869 Johnson
John Aaron Rawlins[?] 1869 Ulysses Simpson Grant
William Tecumseh Sherman 1869 Grant
William W. Belknap[?] 1869-1876 Grant
Alphonso Taft[?] 1876 Grant
J. Donald Cameron[?] 1876-1877 Grant
George Washington McCrary[?] 1877-1879 Rutherford B. Hayes
Alexander Ramsey 1879-1881 Hayes
Robert Todd Lincoln[?] 1881-1885 Chester Alan Arthur
William C. Endicott[?] 1885-1889 Grover Cleveland
Redfield Proctor[?] 1889-1891 Benjamin Harrison
Stephen B. Elkins[?] 1891-1893 Harrison
Daniel Scott Lamont[?] 1893-1897 Cleveland (2nd term)
Russell A. Alger[?] 1897-1899 William McKinley
Elihu Root[?] 1899-1904 McKinley, Theodore Roosevelt
William Howard Taft 1904-1908 Theodore Roosevelt
Luke Edward Wright[?] 1908-1909 Theodore Roosevelt
Jacob M. Dickinson[?] 1909-1911 William Howard Taft
Henry L. Stimson 1911-1913 Taft
Lindley M. Garrison[?] 1913-1916 Woodrow Wilson
Newton D. Baker[?] 1916-1921 Wilson
John W. Weeks[?] 1921-1925 Warren G. Harding,
Calvin Coolidge
Dwight F. Davis[?] 1925-1929 Coolidge
James W. Good[?] 1929 Herbert Hoover
Patrick J. Hurley[?] 1929-1933 Hoover
George H. Dern[?] 1933-1936 Franklin Delano Roosevelt
Harry H. Woodring[?] 1936-1940 FDR
Henry L. Stimson 1940-1945 FDR, Harry S. Truman
Robert P. Patterson[?] 1945-1947 Truman
Kenneth C. Royall[?] 1947 Truman

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