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United States Department of Energy

Dept. of Energy
Established:August 4, 1977
Activated:October 1, 1977
Secretary:Spencer Abraham
Deputy Secretary:Kyle E. McSlarrow[?]
Budget:$19.8 billion (2003)
Employees:16,000 federal
100,000 contractors (2003)

The United States Department of Energy is a Cabinet-level department of the United States government responsible for energy policy and nuclear safety. Its purview includes the nation's nuclear weapons program, nuclear reactor production for the United States Navy, energy conservation, energy-related research, radioactive waste disposal, and domestic energy production.

Many federal agencies have been established to handle various aspects of U.S. energy policy, dating back to the creation of the Manhattan Project and the subsequent Atomic Energy Commission. The impetus for putting them all under the auspices of a single department was the 1970s oil crisis, in response to which President Jimmy Carter proposed creation of the department. The enabling legislation was passed by Congress and signed into law by President Carter on August 4, 1977. The department was activated on October 1, 1977. The agency is administered by the United States Secretary of Energy.

Operating Units The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission is an independent regulatory agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. The Department also manages the Strategic Petroleum Reserve.

Laboratories administered by the Department include:

Power marketing organizations controlled by the Department include:

Related Legislation

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