The United Artists Corporation
was formed on February 5
by four Hollywood
greats: Charles Chaplin
, Douglas Fairbanks
, Mary Pickford
and D. W. Griffith
. Their motive was to challenge the power of the major studios which, some felt, were making a fortune out of the talent of individuals. The four friends, taking advice from businessman Gibbs McAdoo[?]
(son-in-law of Woodrow Wilson
), formed their own distribution company, with Hiram Abrams[?]
as its first managing director.
United Artists productions/releases included The Mark of Zorro[?] (1920), Stagecoach (1939) and most of the James Bond and [all of the "Rocky" films, as well as One Flew Over The Cuckoo's Nest[?] After heavy losses incurred as a result of investing in the flop, Heaven's Gate, United Artists was acquired by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in 1981 and ceased to exist as a separate company.
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