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Turkmenistan is a country in Central Asia. It has borders with Afghanistan, Iran, Kazakhstan , Uzbekistan and has a coastline on the Caspian Sea.

Official Country Name(s) (local)
coat of arms
(In Detail) (Full size)
National motto: Xxxxx
Official language Turkmen
Capital Ashgabat
President Saparmurat Niyazov
 - Total
 - % water
Ranked 51st
488,100 km²
 - Total (2002)
 - Density
Ranked 113rd
 - Declared
 - Recognised
(Event Xxxx)
October 27, 1991
Currency Turkmen manat
Time zone UTC +5
National anthem Independent, Neutral, Turkmenistan State Anthem
Internet TLD.TM
Calling Code993

Table of contents

History Main article: History of Turkmenistan

Annexed by Russia between 1865 and 1885, Turkmenistan became a Soviet republic in 1925. It achieved its independence upon the dissolution of the USSR in 1991.

Politics Main article: Politics of Turkmenistan

President Saparmurat Niyazov retains absolute control over the country and opposition is not tolerated.

Welayatlar Main article: Welayatlar of Turkmenistan[?]

Turkmenistan is divided into 5 welayatlar (singular - welayat):

Ahal Welayaty[?] (Ashgabat), Balkan Welayaty[?] (Nebitdag[?]), Dashhowuz Welayaty[?] (formerly Tashauz[?]), Lebap Welayaty[?] (Charjew[?]), Mary Welayaty[?]

Note: administrative divisions have the same names as their administrative centers (exceptions have the administrative center name following in parentheses)

Geography Main article: Geography of Turkmenistan

90% of the country is covered by the Kara Kum desert.

Rivers include: Amu Darya, Hari Rud

Economy Main article: Economy of Turkmenistan

Extensive hydrocarbon (natural gas) reserves could prove a boon to this underdeveloped country if extraction and delivery projects can be worked out.

Demographics Main article: Demographics of Turkmenistan

Culture Main article: Culture of Turkmenistan[?]

DateEnglish NameLocal NameRemarks

Miscellaneous topics

External Links

Countries of the world  |  Asia

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