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Treaty of Utrecht (1713)

The Treaties of Utrecht were a series of treaties signed in Utrecht, United Provinces (now the Netherlands), on April 11, 1713 between Louis XIV of France and most of his enemies in the War of the Spanish Succession (Queen Anne's War in British North America): Queen Anne of Great Britain, King Frederick William I of Prussia, King John V of Portugal, Duke Victor Amadeus III of Savoy, and the States-General of the United Provinces.

Peace treaties between France's ally Spain and most of its various opponents would be signed in the following months, but peace between France and the Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI would wait until the Treaties of Rastatt[?] and Baden in 1714, and Spain and Portugal did not make peace until 1715.

The main provisions of the treaties confirmed that Louis XIV's nephew Philip V would remain on the throne of Spain, and retain Spain's new world colonies. Many of Spain's other territories were partitioned out among the allied powers. The Emperor received the Spanish Netherlands, the Duchy of Milan, Naples, and Sardinia. The Duke of Savoy received Sicily and some strips of land in Lombardy. The British received Gibraltar and Minorca, which they had captured during the war.

There were also some colonial provisions pertaining to North America: France recognized British control of the Hudson Bay Territory[?] and Newfoundland and ceded Acadia to the British. France retained Cape Breton Island, the St. Lawrence Islands, and fishing rights off of Newfoundland.

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