The island was conquered by Alfonso III of Aragon on January 17, 1287, Minorca's national day. It was for some 70 years a British dependency in the 18th century.
Spanish forces defeated British forces and captured the island on February 5, 1782.
Famous megalithic stone monuments: navetes and talaiots.
See also: sobrassada[?] (typical sausage with paprika), gin (strong liquor, a vestige of the British period), Maó cheese[?] (original cheese of the island).
The major towns are Ciutadella[?] and Mahon.
The island is administratively divided into these municipalities:
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