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Minorca (Menorca both in Catalan and Spanish and increasingly in English usage) is one of the Balearic Islands (Illes Balears Catalan official name, Baleares in Spanish), located in the Mediterranean Sea, and belonging to Spain.

The island was conquered by Alfonso III of Aragon on January 17, 1287, Minorca's national day. It was for some 70 years a British dependency in the 18th century.

Spanish forces defeated British forces and captured the island on February 5, 1782.

Famous megalithic stone monuments: navetes and talaiots.

See also: sobrassada[?] (typical sausage with paprika), gin (strong liquor, a vestige of the British period), Maó cheese[?] (original cheese of the island).

The major towns are Ciutadella[?] and Mahon. The island is administratively divided into these municipalities:

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