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Treaty of Brétigny

The Treaty of Brétigny was concluded on May 8, 1360, betweenEdward III of England and John II of France. The exactions of the English, who wished to yield as few as possible of the advantages claimed by them in the treaty of London, made negotiations difficult, and the discussion of terms begun early in April lasted more than a month. By virtue of this treaty Edward III obtained, besides Guienne[?] and Gascony, Poitou, Saintonge[?] and Aunis[?], Agenais[?], Périgord[?], Limousin, Quercy[?], Bigorre[?], the countship of Gaure[?], Angoumois[?], Rouergue, Montreuil-sur-mer[?], Ponthieu[?], Calais, Sangatte[?], Ham and the countship of Guines[?]. John II had, moreover, to pay three million gold crowns for his ransom.

On his side the king of England gave up the duchies of Normandy and Touraine, the countships of Anjou and Maine, and the suzerainty of Brittany and of Flanders. As a guarantee for the payment of his ransom, John the Good gave as hostages two of his sons, several princes and nobles, four inhabitants of Paris, and two citizens from each of the nineteen principal towns of France. This treaty was ratified and sworn to by the two kings and by their eldest sons on October 24, 1360, at Calais. At the same time were signed the special conditions relating to each important article of the treaty, and the renunciatory clauses in. which the kings abandoned their rights over the territory they had yielded to one another.

At the death of Edward III, English forces had been pushed back into their territories in the south-west around Bordeaux.

Books

  • The Crecy War: Military History of the Hundred Years War from 1337 to the Peace of Bretigny,1360 by Alfred H. Burne ISBN 0837183014

Most of the text from Encyclopedia Britannica 1911



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