Encyclopedia > Brittany

  Article Content


Brittany (French Bretagne, Breton Breizh) is a peninsula in north-west France, bordering the English Channel on the north and the Bay of Biscay on the south. It is an administrative region of France, comprising four départements: Ille-et-Vilaine, Côtes-d'Armor, Finistère and Morbihan.

The capital city of Brittany is Rennes.

The region was a part of Armorica, and conquered by the Romans. Around 500 AD, the area was settled by Britons, driven from the British Isles by the Anglo-Saxons. These Britons gave the name to the region. (The name Brittany means "Lesser Britain," by contrast with Great Britain). In the early Middle Ages, Brittany was divided into three kingdoms -- Domnonia[?], Cornouaille[?], and Bro Waroch[?] -- which eventually were incorporated into the Duchy of Brittany[?]. A Celtic language, Breton, is still spoken in some parts of Brittany.

Brittany is famous for its megalithic monuments, which are scattered over the penninsula[?], notably near Carnac[?]. The purpose of these monuments is still unknown, and the local people refuse to entertain speculation on the subject.

A large part of the département Loire-Atlantique (including the city of Nantes) was historically part of Brittany, but is now part of the Pays de la Loire region.

A number of small separatist groups exist, fighting for the independence of Brittany.

All Wikipedia text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

  Search Encyclopedia

Search over one million articles, find something about almost anything!
  Featured Article

... Borlänge  |  Falun  |  Gagnef  |  Hedemora  |  Leksand  |  LudvikaMalung  |  Mora  |  Orsa ...

This page was created in 37.1 ms