The Prisoner of Zenda
is an adventure novel by Anthony Hope
, first published in 1894
. It tells the story of a man who resembles the King of the mythical country of "Ruritania", who must impersonate the King when the real monarch is kidnapped. The villain of the book, Rupert of Hentzau[?]
, gives his name to its1898
The novel has been adapted many times for film and television, the best-known screen version being the 1937 film. It stars Ronald Colman, Madeleine Carroll[?], C. Aubrey Smith[?], Raymond Massey, Mary Astor[?], David Niven and Douglas Fairbanks Jr.[?].
The movie was adapted by Wells Root[?], John L. Balderston[?], Donald Ogden Stewart[?] (additional dialogue) Ben Hecht (uncredited) and Sidney Howard[?] (uncredited) from the novel and the adapted play by Edward E. Rose[?]. It was directed by John Cromwell[?].
It was nominated for Academy Awards for Best Art Direction and Best Music, Score. The film has been deemed "culturally significant" by the United States Library of Congress and selected for preservation in the National Film Registry.
The Prisoner of Zenda has been made several other times:
- 1913 - Starring James K. Hackett[?], Beatrice Beckley[?], David Torrence[?], Fraser Coalter[?], William R. Randall[?] and Walter Hale[?]. Adapted by Hugh Ford[?] and directed by Ford and Edwin S. Porter[?].
- 1915 - Starring Henry Ainley[?], Gerald Ames[?], George Bellamy[?], Marie Anita Bozzi[?], Jane Gail[?], Arthur Holmes-Gore[?], Charles Rock[?] and Norman Yates[?]. It was adapted by W. Courtney Rowden[?] and directed by George Loane Tucker[?]
- 1922 - Starring Ramon Novarro[?], Lewis Stone, Alice Terry[?], Robert Edeson[?], Stuart Holmes[?], Malcolm McGregor[?] and Barbara La Marr[?]. It was adapted by Mary O'Hara[?] and directed by Rex Ingram.
- 1952 - Starring Stewart Granger[?], Deborah Kerr, Louis Calhern, Jane Greer[?], Lewis Stone, Robert Douglas[?], James Mason and Robert Coote[?]. It was adapted by Edward E. Rose[?], (dramatization) Wells Root[?], John L. Balderston[?], Noel Langley[?] and Donald Ogden Stewart[?] (additional dialogue) (originally uncredited). It was directed by Richard Thorpe[?].
- 1979 - A comic version, starring Peter Sellers, Lynne Frederick[?], Lionel Jeffries[?], Elke Sommer[?], Gregory Sierra[?], Jeremy Kemp[?], Catherine Schell[?], Simon Williams[?] and Stuart Wilson[?]. It was adapted by Dick Clement[?] and Ian La Frenais[?] and directed by Richard Quine[?].
- 1996 - A made-for-television version set in a United States high school, starring Jonathan Jackson[?], Richard Lee Jackson[?], William Shatner, Don S. Davis[?], Jay Brazeau[?] and Katharine Isabelle[?].
e-texts of some of Anthony Hope's works:
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