1882, and at that time were called the Browns, under which name they joined the NL when the American Association went out of business. They were briefly the Perfectos during 1899 before settling on their present name.
Highlights from Cardinal history include the 1930s era "Gas House Gang" featuring Dizzy Dean[?], Joe Medwick[?], and Enos Slaughter. In 1934, Dean and his younger brother, Paul[?], combined to win 49 games - still a single season record for brothers. Dizzy, whose real name was Jerome Herman Dean, won 30 of them, with Paul (nicknamed "Daffy") contributing 19 wins.
In the 1940s, the Cardinals dominated the National League, and in 1944 they met their crosstown rivals, the St. Louis Browns[?], in the "trolley car Series". Stan "The Man" Musial[?] arrived in St. Louis. Known to loyal fans as "Ol' Number 6", Musial spent 23 years in a Cardinal uniform. In the 1970s, a statue of Musial was constructed outside Busch Stadium downtown.
The 1960s brought three National League pennants to St. Louis. Hall of Famers such as Lou Brock, Bob Gibson[?], Tim McCarver[?], Steve Carlton[?], and Orlando Cepeda[?] led the "Redbirds" to a pair of World Series titles in the decade.
After a less than successful 1970s, new Cardinal manager Whitey Herzog[?] revived the winning tradition at Busch Stadium. Herzog's brand of baseball, known in St. Louis as "Whiteyball", featured speed on the basepaths, sparkling defense, and unconventional roster moves. In his 11 years as Cardinal manager, Herzog won three National League pennants, and a 1982 World Series title. The 1980s era Cardinals included stars Ozzie Smith, Willie McGee[?] (who won two batting titles in a Cardinal uniform), John Tudor[?], Tom Herr[?], Jack Clark[?], Bruce Sutter[?], Keith Hernandez[?], Terry Pendleton[?], and Joaquin Andujar[?].
The 1985 World Series, christened the "I-70 Series" because it featured in-state rival Kansas City[?], is perhaps the most controversial in Cardinal history. Game 6 of that series featured "The Call". In the 9th inning, umpire Don Dekinger called Royals batter Jorge Orta safe at first base - a call later refuted by instant replay[?]. The Cardinals, leading 1-0 at the time of the play and needing that victory to clinch the title, went on to lose Game 6 and then Game 7 the following night.
In 1998 everyone watched as Mark McGwire and Sammy Sosa of the Chicago Cubs battled to set the record for most home runs in one season. McGwire won the battle with 70 round-trippers, a record that stood until Barry Bonds hit 73 in 2001.
In 2000, the Cardinals lost to the New York Mets for the title of National League champion. In 2001, the Cardinals advanced to the post-season as a "Wild Card" team after posting the second-best record in the National League. The Arizona Diamondbacks defeated the Cardinals in a five-game playoff series.
Baseball Hall of Famers:
Not to be forgotten:
St. Louis Cardinals official web site (http://stlouis.cardinals.mlb.com/NASApp/mlb/stl/homepage/stl_homepage.jsp)