Encyclopedia > Schwalm-Eder

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Adm. Region:Kassel
Capital:Homberg (Efze)[?]
Area:1,538.46 km²
Inhabitants:193,003 (2002)
pop. density:125 inh./km²
Car identification:HR

Schwalm-Eder is a Kreis (district) in the north of Hesse, Germany. Neighboring districts are Kassel, Werra-Meißner, Hersfeld-Rotenburg, Vogelsbergkreis, Marburg-Biedenkopf, Waldeck-Frankenberg.

Table of contents

History In 1821 districts were created in Hesse, including the districts Fritzlar, Homberg, Melsungen and Ziegenhain. In 1932 the districts Fritzlar and Homberg were merged; in 1974 the three districts Fritzlar-Homberg, Melsungen and Ziegenhain were merged into the Schwalm-Eder district.

The district has partnership with the finnish[?] city Kajaani[?], the british[?] district Sedgemoor, the polish district Pila and the Rayon Rostov in Russia.


The two rivers Schwalm and Eder gave the district it's name. After they merge near Felsberg the Eder enters the Fulda at the north of district. In the south-east of the district are the hills of the Knüllgebirge with the highest elevation being 634 m. North of it are the hills of the Homberger Hochland. The center of the district is mostly rural area, and is sorrounded by the mountains of the Knüllgebirges, the Stölzinger Gebirge and the Kellerwald with the 675 meter high Wüstegarten mountain.

Coat of arms

The coat of arms shows the lion of Hesse in the top. Below are wavy lines which symbolize the three main rivers in the district, Schwalm, Eder and Fulda.

Towns and municipalities

  1. Borken[?]
  2. Felsberg[?]
  3. Fritzlar[?]
  4. Gudensberg[?]
  5. Homberg (Efze)[?]
  6. Melsungen[?]
  7. Neukirchen[?]
  8. Niedenstein[?]
  9. Schwalmstadt[?]
  10. Schwarzenborn[?]
  11. Spangenberg[?]
  1. Bad Zwesten[?]
  2. Edermünde[?]
  3. Frielendorf[?]
  4. Gilserberg[?]
  5. Guxhagen[?]
  6. Jesberg[?]
  7. Knüllwald[?]
  8. Körle[?]
  9. Malsfeld[?]

  1. Morschen[?]
  2. Neuental[?]
  3. Oberaula[?]
  4. Ottrau[?]
  5. Schrecksbach[?]
  6. Wabern[?]
  7. Willingshausen[?]

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