A school is a type of educational institution. The range of institutions covered by the term varies from country to country.
In the United Kingdom, the term school refers primarily to pre-university institutions, and these can for the most part be divided into primary schools (sometimes further divided into infant school[?] and junior school[?]) and secondary schools.
In the United States, the term school refers to any institute of education, at any level, and covers all of the following:
In Japan, sho-gakkou (lit. small school), chu-gakkou (lit. middle school), kou-kou (lit. high school) mean elementary school, middle school and high school respectively.
See also: School and university in literature