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A sauce is a thick liquid which may be used to add flavor to food, to moisten it and/or make it look more attractive on the plate. Sauces form an important part of traditional French cuisine. These French-style sauces are thickened with starch or roux[?] (flour cooked in butter) and fall into two basic categories - brown sauces, which are based on demi-glace[?], a reduction of browned veal and beef bones, and white sauces, based on velouté[?], a reduction of the meat and bones of veal, chicken or both, or of fish. Also important in French cuisine are sauces in the Béchamel family, based on flour and thickened milk, "emulsified sauces", which use eggs as emulsifiers to combine normally immiscible ingredients such as oil and vinegar, and "butter sauces", in which butter fat is re-emulsified back to a state resembling the original cream.

There are also many sauces based on tomato, other vegetables and various spices. Asian cooking uses an entirely different range of sauces.

Sauces can also be sweet, and used either hot or cold to accompany and garnish a dessert.

Some examples of sauces:

White Sauces

Brown Sauces

Béchamel family

Emulsified sauces

Butter sauces

Sweet Sauces

Hot sauces

Asian Sauces

Other sauces

Also see: coulis[?], custard, garum[?], soy sauce, salsa, fish sauce, ketchup, mustard, toenjang[?], kochujang[?].


The Saucier's Apprentice. Sokolov, Raymond. Knopf, 1976. ISBN 0394489209

On Food and Cooking. McGee, Harold. Macmillan, 1984. ISBN 0020346212

The Curious Cook. McGee, Harold. Macmillan, 1990. ISBN 0020098104

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