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Transportation in Germany

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Railways: total: 40,826 km including at least 14,253 km electrified and 14,768 km double- or multiple-tracked (1998)

Deutsche Bahn (DB) is the major German railway company. One of the branches is DB Regionalbahn Westfalen.

Since its privatization in 1994, Deutsche Bahn AG (DBAG) no longer publishes details of the tracks it owns; in addition to the DBAG system there are 102 privately owned railway companies which own an approximate 3,000 km to 4,000 km of the total tracks.

International trains:

Cities with underground railway systems:

Highways:

 total: 656,140 km
 paved: 650,891 km (including 11,400 km of expressways (autobahns)
 unpaved: 5,249 km (all-weather) (1998 est.)

Waterways: 7,500 km (1999); major rivers include the Rhine and Elbe; Kiel Canal is an important connection between the Baltic Sea and North Sea

Pipelines: crude oil 2,500 km (1998)

Ports and harbors: Berlin, Bonn, Brake, Bremen, Bremerhaven, Cologne, Dresden, Duisburg, Emden, Hamburg, Karlsruhe, Kiel, Lübeck, Magdeburg, Mannheim, Rostock, Stuttgart

Merchant marine:
total: 475 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 6,395,990 GRT/8,014,132 DWT
ships by type: bulk 2, cargo 181, chemical tanker 12, container 239, liquified gas 2, multi-functional large load carrier 5, passenger 2, petroleum tanker 8, rail car carrier 2, refrigerated cargo 2, roll-on/roll-off 13, short-sea passenger 7 (1999 est.)

Airports: 615 (1999 est.)

Airports - with paved runways:

 total: 320
 over 3,047 m: 14
 2,438 to 3,047 m: 61
 1,524 to 2,437 m: 67
 914 to 1,523 m: 56
 under 914 m: 122 (1999 est.)

Airports - with unpaved runways:

 total: 295
 over 3,047 m: 2
 2,438 to 3,047 m: 6
 1,524 to 2,437 m: 6
 914 to 1,523 m: 55
 under 914 m: 226 (1999 est.)

Heliports: 59 (1999 est.)

See also : Germany, Trains in Germany



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