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Kharkov is a city in northeastern Ukraine with a population of 2 million. It was founded in the 17th century and grew to be a major centre of education and industry. It was made capital of Ukraine from 1918 to 1934.

In the early 1930s the Ukrainian famine drove many people off the land into the cities in search of food, but many died.

During World War II Kharkov was captured by the Nazis, recaptured by the Red Army, captured again twice by the Nazis and then finally liberated on August, 23[?], 1943. 70% of the city was destroyed and tens of thousands of the inhabitants were killed.

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