Encyclopedia > Bielefeld

  Article Content

Bielefeld

Bielefeld is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located on both the western and eastern slopes of the Teutoburg Forest. Population: 325,000.

The centre of Bielefeld is situated on the eastern side of the Teutoburg Forest. Today there are boroughs on the opposite side and on the hilltops incorporated into Bielefeld. Bielefeld separates the two main ridges of the Northern Teutoburg Forest and the Southern Teutoburg Forest from each other.

History

Bielefeld was founded in 1214 in order to guard a pass crossing the Teutoburg Forest. A great castle, the Sparrenburg, was built in the middle of the medieval town - it remained impregnable through the Middle Ages. The present view of the castle does not resemble the medieval look: the Sparrenburg decayed during the 18th and 19th centuries and was restored in 1879.

In the 15th century Bielefeld was a minor member of the Hanseatic League. Afterwards it began to trade linen and became famous as "the town of linen".

Bielefeld has a university (http://www.uni-bielefeld.de) since 1969. In 1973 the first villages on the opposite side of the Teutoburg Forest were incorporated.

Trivia

Among German netizens, especially on the usenet, a running gag is the claim that Bielefeld does not exist. This is known as the "Bielefeld Verschwörung", a term that will produce an amazing number of Google hits (http://www.google.com/search?q=%22bielefeld+verschw%C3%B6rung%22&ie=utf-8&oe=utf-8).

External link Official Bielefeld homepage (http://www.bielefeld.de)



All Wikipedia text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

 
  Search Encyclopedia

Search over one million articles, find something about almost anything!
 
 
  
  Featured Article
1179

... 1120s 1130s 1140s 1150s 1160s - 1170s - 1180s 1190s 1200s 1210s 1220s Years: 1174 1175 1176 1177 1178 - 1179 - 1180 1181 1182 1183 1184 Events Third Council ...