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Pulitzer Prize for International Reporting

The Pulitzer Prize for International Reporting has been awarded since 1948. List of winners:

1948 Paul W. Ward of Baltimore Sun[?]. For his series of articles published in 1947 on "Life in the Soviet Union."

1949 Price Day of Baltimore Sun. For his series of 12 articles entitled, "Experiment in Freedom: India and Its First Year of Independence."

1950 Edmund Stevens of Christian Science Monitor. For his series of 43 articles written over a three-year residence in Moscow entitled, "This Is Russia Uncensored."

1951 Keyes Beech (Chicago Daily News[?]); Homer Bigart (New York Herald Tribune[?]); Marguerite Higgins (New York Herald Tribune); Relman Morin (AP); Fred Sparks (Chicago Daily News); and Don Whitehead (AP) of Multiple Publications. For their reporting of the Korean War.

1952 John M. Hightower of Associated Press. For the sustained quality of his coverage of news of international affairs during the year.

1953 Austin Wehrwein of Milwaukee Journal. For a series of articles on Canada.

1954 Jim G. Lucas of Scripps-Howard Newspapers. For his notable front-line human interest reporting of the Korean War, the cease-fire and the prisoner-of-war exchanges, climaxing 26 months of distinguished service as a war correspondent.

1955 Harrison E. Salisbury of New York Times. For his distinguished series of articles, "Russia Re-Viewed," based on his six years as a Times correspondent in Russia. The perceptive and well-written Salisbury articles made a valuable contribution to American understanding of what is going on inside Russia. This was principally due to the writer's wide range of subject matter and depth of background plus a number of illuminating photographs which he took.

1956 William Randolph Hearst Jr., J. Kingsbury-Smith and Frank Conniff of International News Service. For a series of exclusive interviews with the leaders of the Soviet Union.

1957 Russell Jones of United Press. For his excellent and sustained coverage of the Hungarian revolt against Communist domination, during which he worked at great personal risk within Russian-held Budapest and gave front-line eyewitness reports of the ruthless Soviet repression of the Hungarian people.

1958 New York Times of New York Times. For its distinguished coverage of foreign news, which was characterized by admirable initiative, continuity and high quality during the year.

1959 Joseph Martin and Philip Santora of New York Daily News. For their exclusive series of articles disclosing the brutality of the Batista government in Cuba long before its downfall and forecasting the triumph of the revolutionary party led by Fidel Castro.

1960 A. M. Rosenthal of New York Times. For his perceptive and authoritative reporting from Poland. Mr. Rosenthal's subsequent expulsion from the country was attributed by Polish government spokesmen to the depth his reporting into Polish affairs, there being no accusation of false reporting.

1961 Lynn Heinzerling of Associated Press. For his reporting under extraordinarily difficult conditions of the early stages of the Congo crisis and his keen analysis of events in other parts of Africa.

1962 Walter Lippmann of New York Herald Tribune Syndicate. For his 1961 interview with Soviet Premier Khrushchev, as illustrative of Lippmann's long and distinguished contribution to American journalism.

1963 Hal Hendrix of Miami (Fla.) News. For his persistent reporting which revealed, at an early stage, that the Soviet Union was installing missile launching pads in Cuba and sending in large numbers of MIG-21 aircraft.

1964 Malcolm W. Browne and David Halberstam of Associated Press and New York Times (respectively). For their individual reporting of the Viet Nam war and the overthrow of the Diem regime.

1965 J. A. Livingston of Philadelphia Bulletin. For his reports on the growth of economic independence among Russia's Eastern European satellites and his analysis of their desire for a resumption of trade with the West.

1966 Peter Arnett of Associated Press. For his coverage of the war in Vietnam

1967 R. John Hughes of Christian Science Monitor. For his thorough reporting of the attempted Communist coup in Indonesia in 1965 and the purge that followed in 1965-66.

1968 Alfred Friendly of Washington Post. For his coverage of the Middle East War of 1967.

1969 William Tuohy of Los Angeles Times. For his Vietnam War correspondence in 1968.

1970 Seymour M. Hersh of Dispatch News Service, Washington, D.C. For his exclusive disclosure of the Vietnam War tragedy at the hamlet of My Lai.

1971 Jimmie Lee Hoagland of Washington Post. For his coverage of the struggle against apartheid in the Republic of South Africa.

1972 Peter R. Kann of Wall Street Journal. For his coverage of the Indo Pakistan War of 1971.

1973 Max Frankel of New York Times. For his coverage of President Nixon's visit to China in 1972.

1974 Hedrick Smith of New York Times. For his coverage of the Soviet Union and its allies in Eastern Europe in 1973.

1975 William Mullen, reporter, and Ovie Carter, photographer of Chicago Tribune. For their coverage of famine in Africa and India.

1976 Sydney H. Schanberg of New York Times. For his coverage of the Communist takeover in Cambodia, carried out at great risk when he elected to stay at his post after the fall of Pnom Penh.

1977 (No Award)

1978 Henry Kamm of New York Times. For his stories on the refugees, "boat people," from Indochina.

1979 Richard Ben Cramer of Philadelphia Inquirer. For reports from the Middle East.

1980 Joel Brinkley, reporter and Jay Mather, photographer of Louisville Courier-Journal. For stories from Cambodia.

1981 Shirley Christian of Miami Herald. For her dispatches from Central America.

1982 John Darnton of New York Times. For his reporting from Poland.

1983 Thomas L. Friedman and Loren Jenkins of New York Times and Washington Post (respectively). For their individual reporting of the Israeli invasion of Beirut and its tragic aftermath.

1984 Karen Elliott House of Wall Street Journal. For her extraordinary series of interviews with Jordan's King Hussein which correctly anticipated the problems that would confront the Reagan administration's Middle East peace plan.

1985 Josh Friedman and Dennis Bell, reporters, and Ozier Muhammad, photographer of Newsday, Long Island, N.Y. For their series on the plight of the hungry in Africa.

1986 Lewis M. Simons, Pete Carey and Katherine Ellison of San Jose (CA) Mercury News. For their June 1985 series that documented massive transfers of wealth abroad by President Marcos and his associates and had a direct impact on subsequent political developments in the Philippines and the United States.

1987 Michael Parks of Los Angeles Times. For his balanced and comprehensive coverage of South Africa.

1988 Thomas L. Friedman of New York Times. For balanced and informed coverage of Israel.

1989 Bill Keller of New York Times. For resourceful and detailed coverage of events in the U.S.S.R.

1989 Glenn Frankel of Washington Post. For sensitive and balanced reporting from Israel and the Middle East.

1990 Nicholas D. Kristof and Sheryl Wu Dunn of New York Times. For knowledgeable reporting from China on the mass movement for democracy and its subsequent suppression.

1991 Caryle Murphy of Washington Post. For her dispatches from occupied Kuwait, some of which she filed while in hiding from Iraqi authorities.

1991 Serge Schmemann of New York Times. For his coverage of the reunification of Germany.

1992 Patrick J. Sloyan of Newsday, Long Island, N.Y. For his reporting on the Persian Gulf War, conducted after the war was over, which revealed new details of American battlefield tactics and friendly fire incidents.

1993 John F. Burns of New York Times. For his courageous and thorough coverage of the destruction of Sarajevo and the barbarous killings in the war in Bosnia-Herzegovina.

1993 Roy Gutman of Newsday, Long Island, N.Y. For his courageous and persistent reporting that disclosed atrocities and other human rights violations in Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina.

1994 Dallas Morning News Team of Dallas Morning News. For its series examining the epidemic of violence against women in many nations.

1995 Mark Fritz of Associated Press. For his reporting on the ethnic violence and slaughter in Rwanda.

1996 David Rohde of Christian Science Monitor. For his persistent on-site reporting of the massacre of thousands of Bosnian Muslims in Srebrenica.

1997 John F. Burns of New York Times. For his courageous and insightful coverage of the harrowing regime imposed on Afghanistan by the Taliban.

1998 Staff of New York Times. For its revealing series that profiled the corrosive effects of drug corruption in Mexico.

1999 Staff of Wall Street Journal. For its in-depth, analytical coverage of the Russian financial crisis.

2000 Mark Schoofs of Village Voice. For his provocative and enlightening series on the AIDS crisis in Africa.

2001 Paul Salopek of Chicago Tribune. For his reporting on the political strife and disease epidemics ravaging Africa, witnessed firsthand as he traveled, sometimes by canoe, through rebel-controlled regions of the Congo.

2001 Ian Johnson of Wall Street Journal. For his revealing stories about victims of the Chinese government's often brutal suppression of the Falun Gong movement and the implications of that campaign for the future.

2002 Barry Bearak of New York Times. For his deeply affecting and illuminating coverage of daily life in war-torn Afghanistan.