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Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught

Prince Arthur William Patrick Albert of Great Britain and Ireland, 1st Duke of Connaught and Strathearn, Earl of Sussex (May 1, 1850 - January 16, 1942) was the third son of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha.

His mother's favorite, Prince Arthur was created Duke of Connaught1 and Strathearn in 1874. He entered the army and served with distinction in Egypt in 1882 and in India from 1886 to 1890. In 1893, Connaught became a full general, and a Field Marshal in 1902. He served in various important positions thereafter, as Commander-in-Chief in Ireland (1900-1904); Inspector-General of the Forces (1904-1907), and as Governor-General of Canada (1911-1916).

In 1879 Connaught married Princess Louise Marguerite of Prussia[?], a grand-niece of the German Emperor William I. They had three children - two daughters (Princess Margaret of Connaught and Princess Patricia of Connaught[?], and one son, Prince Arthur of Connaught[?].

The Duke withdrew from public life in 1928, and died 14 years later. He was succeeded (briefly) in his dukedom by his grandson, Alistair Windsor, 2nd Duke of Connaught[?], the son of Prince Arthur and his wife, Princess Alexandra, Duchess of Fife[?], a granddaughter of King Edward VII.


1 The title Duke of Connaught owed its origins to Ireland's membership of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1922. By tradition members of the sovereign's family received titles associated with England, Scotland and Ireland, the three kingdoms that made up the United Kingdom.

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