Encyclopedia > Order (religious)

  Article Content

Order (religious)

A religious order is an organization of people who live in some way set apart from society in accordance with religious devotion. The members of such orders, termed religious as a group, are usually distinct from both the laity and the clergy. They are often termed monks, friars or brothers if male, and nuns or sisters if female.

Some orders practice literal isolation (cloistering) from the outside world; others remain engaged with the world in various ways, often teaching or serving in traditional roles, while maintaining their distinction in other ways. All, however, may be distinguished by vows or disciplines they undertake as members of their orders.

The best-known religious orders in the Western world are Catholic and Buddhist orders of monks and nuns. However, the practice is common in many tribes of Africa and South America on a smaller scale.

In Buddhist societies such as Sri Lanka, Thailand, Korea and Tibet, there exist strickingly large monastic orders. A well-known Chinese Buddhist order is the ancient Shaolin order in Ch'an (Zen) Buddhism.

Catholic orders Catholic religious orders should be distinguished from Holy Orders, that is to say bishops, priests, and deacons.

Augustinians
Benedictines
Celestines
Bridgitines
Carmelites
Carthusians
Cistercians
Dominicans
Franciscans
Trappists[?]

Other Catholic groups

See also: monasticism, ascetic.



All Wikipedia text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

 
  Search Encyclopedia

Search over one million articles, find something about almost anything!
 
 
  
  Featured Article
Great River, New York

...     Contents Great River, New York Great River is a town located in Suffolk County, New York. As of the 2000 census, the town had a ...

 
 
 
This page was created in 35.7 ms