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There was once a kingdom of Navarre spawning to both sides of the Pyrenees, that was split between France and Spain in the 16th century. The part of Navarre on the French side is called Basse Navarre (Basque Nafarroa Beherea) in today's French department of Pyrenees Atlantiques[?].
The Kingdom of Navarre, originally called Pamplona, arose circa 824 when Iņigo Arista[?] led a revolt against the Franks. The last king of Navarre, Henry III (reigned 1572-1610), succeeded to the throne of France as Henry IV in 1589. It remained a separate kingdom under the French crown until 1791.
See also: Kings of Navarre