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Mosul (al Mawsil in Arabic) is a city in northern Iraq, on the right bank of the Tigris River, some 220 miles northwest of Baghdad.

The population of the area is largely Kurdish, but the majority of the city itself are Arab. In 1987 the city's population was 664,221 people. The 2002 population estimate is 1,739,800 [1] (http://www.library.uu.nl/wesp/populstat/Asia/iraqt.htm). It is the nation's third largest city, after Baghdad and Basra.

The ancient ruined city of Nineveh is nearby across the Tigris.

The fabric muslin was long manufactured here and is named for this city. Another historic important product of the area is Mosul marble.

Mosul became an important commercial center in the 8th century. In the 13th century it was conquered and destroyed by the Mongols; while rebuilt and still of importance it did not regain it's earlier grandeur. The city is a historic center of Nestorian Christianity.

Mosul declined after the opening of the Suez Canal, but revived with the discovery and development of the petroleum reserves in the area starting in the late 1920s.

In World War I the British occupied Mosul in October of 1918. After the war, the city and and the surrounding area became part of the British mandate of Iraq, which was contested by Turkey which continued to claim the area. Iraqi possession of Mosul was confirmed by the League of Nations in 1926.

See also: Baiji

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