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Monroe County, New York

Monroe County is a county located in the U.S. State of New York. As of 2000, the population is 735,343. It is named after James Monroe, fifth President of the United States of America. Its county seat is Rochester.

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History When counties were established in New York State in 1683, the present Monroe County was part of Albany County. This was an enormous county, including the northern part of New York State as well as all of the present State of Vermont and, in theory, extending westward to the Pacific Ocean. This county was reduced in size on July 3, 1766 by the creation of Cumberland County, and further on March 16, 1770 by the creation of Gloucester County, both containing territory now in Vermont.

On March 12, 1772, what was left of Albany County was split into three parts, one remaining under the name Albany County. One of the other pieces, Tryon County, contained the western portion (and thus, since no western boundary was specified, theoretically still extended west to the Pacific). The eastern boundary of Tryon County was approximately five miles west of the present city of Schenectady, and the county included the western part of the Adirondack Mountains and the area west of the West Branch of the Delaware River. The area then designated as Tryon County now includes 37 counties of New York State. The county was named for William Tryon, colonial governor of New York.

In the years prior to 1776, most of the Loyalists in Tryon County fled to Canada. In 1784, following the peace treaty that ended the American Revolutionary War, the name of Tryon County was changed to Montgomery County in order to honor the general, Richard Montgomery, who had captured several places in Canada and died attempting to capture the city of Quebec, replacing the name of the hated British governor.

In 1789, Ontario County was split off from Montgomery. The actual area split off from Montgomery County was much larger than the present county, also including the present Allegany, Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Erie, Genesee, Livingston, Monroe, Niagara, Orleans, Steuben, Wyoming, Yates, and part of Schuyler and Wayne Counties.

Genesee County was created by a splitting of Ontario County in 1802. This was much larger than the present Genesee County, however. It contained the present Allegany, Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Erie, Niagara, Orleans, Wyoming, and portions of Livingston and Monroe Counties.

Finally, Monroe County was formed from parts of Genesee and Ontario Counties in 1821.

Geography Monroe County is in northwestern New York State, northeast of Buffalo and northwest of Syracuse.

The county has a total area of 3,537 km² (1,366 mi²). 1,708 km² (659 mi²) of it is land and 1,829 km² (706 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 51.72% water.

Economy Rochester, the principal city of Monroe County, is the headquarters of two major corporations: Eastman Kodak and Xerox Corporation.

Demographics As of 2000, there are 735,343 people, 286,512 households, and 184,513 families residing in the county. The population density is 431/km² (1,115/mi²). There are 304,388 housing units at an average density of 178 persons/km² (462 persons/mi²). The racial makeup of the county is 79.14% White, 13.75% African American, 0.27% Native American, 2.44% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 2.44% from other races, and 1.94% from two or more races. 5.31% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 286,512 households out of which 31.80% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.40% are married couples living together, 13.40% have a woman whose husband does not live with her, and 35.60% are non-families. 28.60% of all households are made up of individuals and 9.90% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.47 and the average family size is 3.08.

In the county the population is spread out with 25.60% under the age of 18, 9.50% from 18 to 24, 29.30% from 25 to 44, 22.60% from 45 to 64, and 13.00% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 36 years. For every 100 females there are 93.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 89.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county is $44,891, and the median income for a family is $55,900. Males have a median income of $41,279 versus $29,553 for females. The per capita income for the county is $22,821. 11.20% of the population and 8.20% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 15.50% are under the age of 18 and 7.40% are 65 or older.

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