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Miami is a city located in southeast Florida in Miami-Dade County on the Miami River[?]. It is the county seat and largest city in Miami-Dade County (est. 2000 population: 2,253,362). Although the city itself is not large, the metropolis of Miami comprises many small surrounding towns, cities, and the massive UMSA (Unincorporated Metropolitan Statistical Area). As of the 2000 census, the city proper had a total population of 362,470.
Directly west of the metropolitan area are the Florida Everglades.
Such cities include Miami Beach, Bal Harbour, North Bay Village, Sunny Isles, North Miami Beach, Aventura, North Miami, Opa-locka[?], Carol City, Miami Lakes, Unincorporated Miami-Dade county, Hialeah, Medley, Miami Springs, Westchester, West Miami[?], Kendall, Pinecrest[?], the village of Key Biscayne, Miami[?], Coconut Grove, Coral Gables[?], Sweetwater[?] and Homestead.
Greater Miami is a vibrant area established during the 1890s. Today Dade County has over 2.2 million inhabitants, and neighboring Broward and Palm Beach Counties to the north have 1.6 and 1.1 million respectively. Miami is considered a cultural melting pot due to the large Latin American population. Among Miamians are Cubans, Nicaraguans, Colombians, Venezuelans, Puerto Ricans, Argentinians, Ecuadorian, Brazilians, Dominicans, Haitians and Mexicans.
The name "Miami" comes from a Native American word for "big water". The area was a concentration of water because the Miami River[?] is essentially a funnel for water from the Everglades to the Atlantic Ocean.
Miami is the host city for sports teams such as the Miami Dolphins, the Miami Heat, the Miami Sol, the Florida Panthers, the Miami Fusion and the Florida Marlins. The University of Miami and Florida International University[?] are in the Miami metropolitan area. Tourism, foreign trade, and manufacturing are among its most important industries.
Miami's airport is Miami International Airport.
Miami is one of the top 5 immigrant destinations within the US.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 143.1 km² (55.3 mi²). 92.4 km² (35.7 mi²) of it is land and 50.7 km² (19.6 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 35.44% water.
Demographics As of the census of 2000, there are 362,470 people, 134,198 households, and 83,336 families residing in the city. The population density is 3,923.5/km² (10,160.9/mi²). There are 148,388 housing units at an average density of 1,606.2/km² (4,159.7/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 66.62% White, 22.31% African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.66% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 5.42% from other races, and 4.74% from two or more races. 65.76% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 134,198 households out of which 26.3% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.6% are married couples living together, 18.7% have a female householder with no husband present, and 37.9% are non-families. 30.4% of all households are made up of individuals and 12.5% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.61 and the average family size is 3.25.
In the city the population is spread out with 21.7% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 30.3% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, and 17.0% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 38 years. For every 100 females there are 98.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 97.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $23,483, and the median income for a family is $27,225. Males have a median income of $24,090 versus $20,115 for females. The per capita income for the city is $15,128. 28.5% of the population and 23.5% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 38.2% are under the age of 18 and 29.3% are 65 or older.