Demographics As of the census of 2000, there are 226,419 people, 70,704 households, and 57,482 families residing in the city. The population density is 4,543.7/km² (11,767.3/mi²). There are 72,142 housing units at an average density of 1,447.7/km² (3,749.3/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 88.01% White, 2.41% African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 5.47% from other races, and 3.55% from two or more races. 90.34% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 70,704 households out of which 36.2% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.4% are married couples living together, 17.4% have a female householder with no husband present, and 18.7% are non-families. 14.7% of all households are made up of individuals and 7.8% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 3.15 and the average family size is 3.39.
In the city the population is spread out with 23.0% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 29.4% from 25 to 44, 22.9% from 45 to 64, and 16.6% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 38 years. For every 100 females there are 92.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 89.6 males.
The median income for a household in the city is $29,492, and the median income for a family is $31,621. Males have a median income of $23,133 versus $17,886 for females. The per capita income for the city is $12,402. 18.6% of the population and 16.0% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 22.2% are under the age of 18 and 22.4% are 65 or older.