is the 145th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar
(146th in leap years
). There are 220 days remaining.
- 1085 - Alfonso VI of Castile takes Toledo, Spain back from the Moors.
- 1420 - Henry the Navigator is appointed governor of the Order of Christ[?].
- 1521 - The Diet of Worms ends when Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor issues the Edict of Worms, declaring Martin Luther an outlaw[?].
- 1787 - In Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, delegates begin to convene a Constitutional Convention to write a new Constitution for the United States (George Washington is presiding).
- 1810 - Armed citizens of Buenos Aires expel the Viceroy from Spain and establish a provincial government for Argentina.
- 1865 - Mobile magazine explosion: 300 are killed in Mobile, Alabama when an ordnance depot explodes.
- 1895 - Playwright, poet and novelist Oscar Wilde is convicted of "sodomy and gross indecency" and sentenced to serve two years in a London prison.
- 1914 - The United Kingdom's House of Commons passes Irish Home Rule[?].
- 1925 - Scopes Trial: John T. Scopes is indicted for teaching Darwin's theory of evolution.
- 1925 - The National Forensics League is founded.
- 1935 - In a span of 45 minutes at the Big Ten meet in Ann Arbor, Michigan, Jesse Owens sets or ties four track and field world records.
- 1935 - At Forbes Field[?] in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Babe Ruth hits his 714th and last homerun[?] setting a baseball record that will stand for 39 years.
- 1940 - World War II: The Battle of Dunkirk begins.
- 1946 - The parliament of Transjordan makes emir Abdullah their king.
- 1953 - Nuclear testing: At the Nevada Test Site, the United States conducts its first and only nuclear artillery test.
- 1961 - Apollo program: President Kennedy announces before a special joint session of Congress his goal to initiate a project to put a "man on the moon" before the end of the decade.
- 1963 - In Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, the Organisation of African Unity is established.
- 1966 - Explorer program: Explorer 32[?] launches.
- 1968 - In St. Louis, Missouri, US Vice-President Hubert Humphrey[?] and US Secretary of the Interior Stewart Udall[?] dedicate the Gateway Arch as part of the Jefferson National Expansion Memorial.
- 1973 - Mike Oldfield releases Tubular Bells[?].
- 1977 - Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope opens in theaters and becomes the highest grossing movie to date.
- 1979 - American Airlines flight 191: In Chicago, Illinois, a DC-10 crashes during takeoff at O'Hare International Airport killing 271 on board on two people on the ground.
- 1981 - In Riyadh, the Gulf Cooperation Council is created between Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates.
- 1985 - Bangladesh is hit by a tropical cyclone and storm surge[?] which kills approximately 10,000 people.
- 1997 - A military coup in Sierra Leone replaces President Ahmad Tejan Kabbah[?] with Major Johnny Paul Koromah[?].
- 1997 - Strom Thurmond becomes the longest serving member in the history of the United States Senate (41 years and 10 months).
- 2001 - Mountain climbing: 32-year old Erik Weihenmayer[?], of Boulder, Colorado, becomes the first blind person to reach the summit of Mount Everest.
- 2001 - Mountain climbing: 64-year old Sherman Bull[?], of New Canaan, Connecticut, becomes the oldest person to reach the summit of Mount Everest.
- 1261 - Pope Alexander IV (+ 1254)
- 1803 - Ralph Waldo Emerson, essayist, philosopher (+ 1882)
- 1803 - Edward George Bulwer-Lytton, novelist and playwright (+ 1873)
- 1865 - Pieter Zeeman, Nobel Prize winner (+ 1943)
- 1879 - Lord Beaverbrook, publisher ((+ 1964)
- 1880 - Jean Alexandre Barré, neurologist (+ 1967)
- 1888 - Miles Malleson, actor (+ 1969)
- 1889 - Igor Sikorsky developer of a working helicopter (+ 1972)
- 1922 - Enrico Berlinguer, politician (+ 1984)
- 1926 - Max von der Grün[?], author
- 1927 - Robert Ludlum, science fiction writer (+ 2001)
- 1929 - Beverly Skills[?], soprano
- 1932 - Jeanne Crain, actress
- 1939 - Ian McKellen, actor
- 1944 - Frank Oz, puppeteer, director
- 1963 - Mike Myers, actor, comedian
- 1966 - Sugar Minott, singer
- 1967 - Poppy Z. Brite, author
- 1971 - Sonya Smith, actress
Holidays and observances
May 24 - May 26 - April 25 - June 25 -- listing of all days
January, February, March, April, May, June, July,
August, September, October, November, December
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