Encyclopedia > List of Dukes, Electors, and Kings of Bavaria

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Rulers of Bavaria

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Dukes of Bavaria, 889-1623

Liutpolding[?] Dynasty

  • Liutpold 889-907
  • Arnulf the Bad 907-937
  • Eberhard 937
  • Berthold 938-947

Liudolfing (Ottonian) Dynasty

  • Henry I 947-955
  • Henry II the Quarrelsome 955-976
  • Otto I 976-982

Liutpolding Dynasty

  • Henry III the Younger 983-985

Liudolfing Dynasty

House of Luxemburg

  • Henry V 1005-1026

Salian Dynasty

House of Luxemburg

  • Henry VII 1042-1047
  • Conrad II 1049-1053

Salian Dynasty

House of Supplinburg[?]

  • Otto II 1061-1070

Welf[?] Dynasty

  • Welf I 1070-1101
  • Welf II 1101-1120
  • Henry IX the Black 1120-1126
  • Henry X the Proud 1126-1139

Babenberg Dynasty

  • Leopold 1139-1141
  • Henry XI Jasomirgott 1141-1156

Welf[?] Dynasty

Wittelsbach Dynasty

  • Otto I 1180-1183
  • Louis I 1183-1231
  • Otto II 1231-1253

On Otto II's death, Bavaria was divided between his sons. Henry became Duke of Lower Bavaria, and Louis of Upper Bavaria. From this point until the beginning of the 16th century, the territories were frequently divided between brothers, making the Dukes difficult to list.

Dukes of Lower Bavaria

  • Henry XIII 1253-1290
  • Otto III 1290-1312 (King of Hungary[?], 1305-1307)
  • Stephen I 1290-1309
  • Otto IV 1309-1334
  • Henry XIV the Elder 1309-1339
  • Henry XV the Natterberger 1312-1333
  • John I the Child 1339-1340

Dukes of Upper Bavaria

  • Louis II 1253-1294
  • Rudolf I 1294-1317
  • Louis III 1294-1347

Following the death of the last Duke of Lower Bavaria, Bavaria was reunited under Emperor Louis IV (Louis III of Bavaria)

Dukes of Bavaria

  • Louis III 1340-1347
  • Stephen II 1347-1375

at Stephen II's death, Bavaria was divided again between his sons, who became Duks of Bavaria-Ingolstadt, Bavaria-Landshut, and Bavaria-Munich

Dukes of Bavaria-Ingolstadt

  • Stephen III 1375-1413
  • Louis VII the Bearded 1413-1443
  • Louis VIII the Younger 1443-1445

Dukes of Bavaria-Landshut

  • Frederick 1375-1393
  • Henry XVI the Rich 1393-1450
  • Louis IX the Rich 1450-1479
  • George the Rich 1479-1503

Dukes of Bavaria-Munich

  • John II 1375-1397
  • Ernest 1397-1438
  • Albert III 1438-1460
  • John IV 1460-1463
  • Sigismund 1460-1501 (from 1467, Duke of Bavaria-[[Dachau])
  • Albert IV the Wise 1465-1508

In 1503, all the Bavarian lands were reunited under Albert iV

Dukes of Bavaria

  • Albert IV 1503-1508
  • William IV 1508-1550
  • Louis X 1516-1545
  • Albert V 1550-1579
  • William V 1579-1597
  • Maximilian I 1597-1623

Electors of Bavaria, 1623-1805

In 1623, Elector Maximilian I of Bavaria was raised to Electoral Status, gaining the seat of the Elector Palatine, who had been put under the ban of the Empire.

  • Maximilian I 1623-1651
  • Ferdinand Maria 1651-1679
  • Maximilian II Emanuel 1679-1726
  • Charles Albert 1726-1745
  • Maximilian III Joseph 1745-1777
  • Charles Theodore 1777-1799 (Elector Palatine from 1745)
  • Maximilian IV Joseph 1799-1805 (Duke of Zweibrücken[?] from 1795)

Kings of Bavaria, 1805-1918

In 1805, Bavaria became a Kingdom, and Elector Maximilian IV became King Maximilian I

Heads of the House of Bavaria since 1918

  • King Louis III 1918-1921
  • Crown Prince Rupert 1921-1955
  • Duke Albert 1955-1996
  • Duke Francis 1996-present



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