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Laguna is a province of the Philippines found in the CALABARZON region in Luzon. Its capital is Santa Cruz[?] and the province is located southeast of Metro Manila, south of the province of Rizal, west of Quezon, north of Batangas and east of Cavite. Laguna almost completely surrounds Laguna de Bay, the largest lake in the country.

Laguna is notable for being the birthplace of José Rizal, the country's national hero. Laguna is also famous among tourists for the Pagsanjan Falls[?], the wood carvings created by the people of Paete[?] and Pakil[?], and the hot spring resorts in Los Baños[?] on the slopes of Mt. Makiling[?].

Facts and Figures
Region: CALABARZON (Region IV-A)
Capital: Santa Cruz[?]
Founded: March 10, 1917
2000 census—1,965,872 (6th largest).
Density—1,117 per km² (3rd highest).
Area: 1,759.7 km² (17th smallest)
Component Cities—2.
Congressional districts—4.
Languages: Tagalog, English
Governor[?]: Teresita S. Lazaro (2001-2004)

Table of contents

People and Culture




Laguna is subdivided into 20 municipalities and 2 cities.




Laguna lies on the southern shores of Laguna de Bay, the largest lake in the country. On the southern border of the province are Mt. Makiling[?] and Mt. Banahaw[?], both extinct volcanoes, but still sources of geothermal energy. Mt. Makiling is popular for the numerous hot spring resorts that are found on its slopes. Pagsanjan Falls[?], in Pagsanjan[?], is a popular waterfall that tumbles down a deep gorge in the hills.

The eastern portion of Laguna straddles the southernmost portions of the Sierra Madre[?] mountain range.


Laguna was one of the first sites of the Philippine Revolution[?]. Calamba City[?] is the birthplace of José Rizal, the country's national hero.

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