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Kings Royal Rifle Corps

A British Army formation.

Dating from 1755 as the 60th Royal American Regiment. They fought their first major battles in Canada at Louisbourg in 1758 and Quebec in 1759 against the French. They fought during the American War of Independence, withdrawing to Canada following the surrender. During the Napoleonic Wars the unit played a part in the Peninsular War. The unit's name was not changed until after the Napoleonic Wars; first to The Duke of York's Own Rifle Corps and then in 1830 to the King's Royal Rifle Corps. In 1858 the Rifle Depot at Winchester was made their headquarters. During the rest of the 1800s the unit was active in China, Canada, Afghanistan, India, Burma and South Africa. In WW I the unit was expanded to twenty-two battalions and saw much action on the Western Front. Over 12,000 soldiers of the regiment were killed while eight members won VCs and over 2000 further decorations were awarded. After 1918 the unit returned to garrison duties in India, Palestine and Ireland. In 1926 the regiment was reorganised as one of the first mechanised infantry[?] regiments. In WW II after initial deployment to France as part of the BEF[?], the unit lost 50% of its effectives during disaster at Dunkirk. Redeployed to northern Africa the unit saw more success, continuing with actions in Italy, Austria, Germany and Greece. Post war the unit was deployed in Germany.

In 1958, the unit was merged into the Green Jacket Brigade[?], now the Royal Green Jackets[?] Regiment.



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