were a rock band that formed in 1976
, England. Originally named Warsaw
, they assumed the name Joy Division
as they gained popularity. This name was a reference to groups of Jewish women in the concentration camps
who were kept for the Nazi
guards' sexual pleasure, as described in Ka-tzetnik 135633
book, The House of Dolls
. Signed to Tony Wilson[?]
's Factory Records
label, they are usually associated with punk rock
or new wave
music, though their idiosyncratic sound and image were equally influential upon later goth
, and industrial
Singer Ian Curtis's lyrics dwelt largely on themes of depression and emotional alienation (as reflected in their ironic name), and they packaged their albums with appropriately minimalist and orderly design work by graphic artist Peter Saville[?], which often contrasted with some of the more chaotic cut-and-paste styles of other more extroverted punk acts. Their most popular hit was "Love will Tear Us Apart", made more popular after Ian Curtis hanged himself in 1980 on the eve of the band's first tour to the United States.
Shortly after his death, the band reformed as New Order, who helped to launch the techno music revolution of the 1980s and 1990s.
See also: Post punk
- An Ideal For Living (1978)
- Unknown Pleasures (1979)
- "She's Lost Control"
- "Atmosphere"/"Dead Souls"
- "Love Will Tear Us Apart"
- Closer (1980)
- "Komakino" (limited edition flexi disk)
- Still (1981)
- Permanent (compilation, 1995)
External links & References
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