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Irish Parliament

The term Irish Parliament describes any of the parliaments that existed between mediaeval and modern times.

Those parliaments were:

  • The single chamber Dáil Éireann (Assembly of Ireland), also known as the First Dáil formed by Irish MPs elected to the British House of Commons, who assembled in Dublin in January 1919; (following an election in 1921, the new membership called themselves the Second Dáil. All subsequent Dála (plural of Dáil) count them number back to the First Dáil)

  • The bicameral Oireachtas Éireann, made up of the President of Ireland and two chambers, Dáil Éireann (The House of Representatives) and Seanad Éireann (The Senate of Ireland), created by the 1937 Constitution.
    • The executive answerable to Dáil Éireann is called the Government and is presided over by a prime minister called the Taoiseach.
    • Though plans were periodically discussed for the erection of a new parliament building (a site was even considered in the Phoenix Park), parliament remained in Leinster House, to which additional offices were added in the 1950s and most recently in the year 2000.

Additional Reading

  • Alan J. Ward, The Irish Constitutional Tradition: Responsible Government and Modern Ireland 1782-1992 (ISBN 0716525283)

  • Bunreacht na hÉireann (the 1937 Constitution)

  • The Irish Free State (Constitution) Act, 1922

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